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Educated adults solve simple addition problems primarily by direct memory retrieval, as opposed to by counting or other procedural strategies, but they report using retrieval substantially less often with problems in written-word format (four + eight) compared with digit format (4 + 8). It was hypothesized that retrieval efficiency is relatively low with(More)
INTRODUCTION The Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) measures health anxiety in medical and non-medical contexts. OBJECTIVE To review the literature pertaining to the psychometric properties of the SHAI in non-clinical, clinical, and medical samples. Meta-analysis was also conducted to examine the strength of associations between the SHAI and other(More)
BACKGROUND The cognitive behavioural (CB) model of health anxiety proposes parental illness leads to elevated health anxiety in offspring by promoting the acquisition of specific health beliefs (e.g. overestimation of the likelihood of illness). AIMS Our study tested this central tenet of the CB model. METHOD Participants were 444 emerging adults(More)
Mauro, LeFevre, and Morris (2003) and Campbell (2008) manipulated problem format to assess university students' simple division and subtraction. Large division problems (dividend > 25; e.g., 42 / 6 = _) and large subtraction problems (minuend > 10; e.g., 13 - 6 = _), but not small problems, were solved more quickly when presented in inverse operation format(More)
Cultural self-efficacy refers to how capable one feels functioning in culturally diverse situations. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of cultural self-efficacy among nursing students, specifically in relation to individuals of Aboriginal ancestry. The authors examined the extent to which intercultural anxiety, intercultural(More)
OBJECTIVES Questionnaire-based research has shown that parents exert a powerful influence on and are profoundly influenced by living with a child with chronic pain. Examination of parents' pain narratives through an observational lens offers an alternative approach to understanding the complexity of pediatric chronic pain; however, the narratives of parents(More)
The cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal models of health anxiety propose that parental illness could be a contributory factor to the development of health anxiety but through different mechanisms. The cognitive-behavioral model suggests that exposure to parental illness may lead to health beliefs that could increase health anxiety. In contrast, the(More)
The Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI; Salkovskis, Rimes, Warwick, & Clark, 2002) is a self-report measure designed to assess health anxiety in both medical and non-medical samples. The invariance of the factor structure across these samples has not been examined in the 14-item version of the SHAI. In the current study, the SHAI was completed by a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the sensitivity to change and responsiveness of the Adult Responses to Children's Symptoms (ARCS) among parents of youth with chronic pain.  METHODS Participants included 330 youth (89 children aged 7-11 years, 241 children aged 12-17 years) and their parents who participated in randomized controlled trials of family-based(More)