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Influenza A viruses that circulate normally in the human population cause a debilitating, though generally transient, illness that is sometimes fatal, particularly in the elderly. Severe complications arising from pandemic influenza or the highly pathogenic avian H5N1 viruses are often associated with rapid, massive inflammatory cell infiltration, acute(More)
CD8+ T cell responses to viral infection are characterized by the emergence of dominant and subdominant CTL populations. The immunodominance hierarchies of these populations are highly reproducible for any given spectrum of virus-induced peptide-MHCI complexes and are likely determined by multiple factors. Recent studies demonstrate a direct correlation(More)
The transmembrane precursor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) exits the trans-Golgi network (TGN) in tubular carriers for subsequent trafficking and delivery to the cell surface; however, the molecular machinery responsible for Golgi export is unknown. We previously reported that members of the TGN golgin family are associated with subdomains and tubules(More)
The pre-T-cell antigen receptor (pre-TCR), expressed by immature thymocytes, has a pivotal role in early T-cell development, including TCR β-selection, survival and proliferation of CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative thymocytes, and subsequent αβ T-cell lineage differentiation. Whereas αβTCR ligation by the peptide-loaded major histocompatibility complex(More)
Immunodominance hierarchies are a substantial, but poorly understood, characteristic of CD8(+) T cell-mediated immunity. Factors influencing the differential responses to the influenza A virus nucleoprotein (NP(366-374)) and acid polymerase (PA(224-233)) peptides presented by H2D(b) have been analyzed by disabling (N5--> Q substitution) these peptides in(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is strongly associated with the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 locus that possesses the shared susceptibility epitope (SE) and the citrullination of self-antigens. We show how citrullinated aggrecan and vimentin epitopes bind to HLA-DRB1*04:01/04. Citrulline was accommodated within the electropositive P4 pocket of(More)
The development and resolution phases of influenza-specific CD8(+) T cell cytokine responses to epitopes derived from the viral nucleoprotein (D(b)NP(366)) and acid polymerase (D(b)PA(224)) were characterized in C57BL/6J mice for a range of anatomical compartments in the virus-infected lung and lymphoid tissue. Lymphocyte numbers were measured by IFN-gamma(More)
MHC tetramers have proven to be powerful reagents for the analysis of MHC class I-restricted T cells. However, generating similarly reliable reagents for MHC class II-restricted T cells has been elusive. Here we evaluated the utility of MHC class II:gamma2aFc multimers, which contain the MHC class II extracellular domains, with or without recombinantly(More)
In the absence of thymic contribution, the peripheral T cell pool is maintained by division of mature lymphocytes. Recent studies suggest that peripheral T cell expansion may be driven by low-affinity interactions with self ligands. Here we have investigated the consequence of homeostatic proliferation on the T cell repertoire. Following day 3 thymectomy of(More)
Peptides bind to MHC class II molecules with a defined periodicity such that the peptide-flanking residues (PFRs) P-1 and P11, which lie outside the core binding sequence (P1-P9), are solvent exposed and accessible to the TCR. Using a novel MHC class II:peptide binding assay, we defined the binding register for nine immunogenic epitopes to formally identify(More)