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The pre-T-cell antigen receptor (pre-TCR), expressed by immature thymocytes, has a pivotal role in early T-cell development, including TCR β-selection, survival and proliferation of CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative thymocytes, and subsequent αβ T-cell lineage differentiation. Whereas αβTCR ligation by the peptide-loaded major histocompatibility complex(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is strongly associated with the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 locus that possesses the shared susceptibility epitope (SE) and the citrullination of self-antigens. We show how citrullinated aggrecan and vimentin epitopes bind to HLA-DRB1*04:01/04. Citrulline was accommodated within the electropositive P4 pocket of(More)
Emergence of a new influenza strain leads to a rapid global spread of the virus due to minimal antibody immunity. Pre-existing CD8(+) T-cell immunity directed towards conserved internal viral regions can greatly ameliorate the disease. However, mutational escape within the T cell epitopes is a substantial issue for virus control and vaccine design. Although(More)
Previous studies of CD8(+) T cell immunodominance after primary virus infection of F(1) mice compared with their inbred parents have generally concluded that no dramatic changes occur. In this study, we revisit this issue using vaccinia virus (VACV), which has a large genome, a recently defined immunodominance hierarchy in mice, and is a candidate vector(More)
Although analysis of virus-specific CTL function at the peak of infection suggests that granzyme (grz) and perforin (pfp) gene expression is not coregulated, early differentiation events leading to acquisition of function are poorly understood. Using a combination of CFSE dilutions and single-cell RT-PCR, effector gene expression was determined early after(More)
Intrathymic expression of tissue-specific self-Ags can mediate tolerance of self-reactive T cells. However, in this study we define circumstances by which thymic expression of a tissue-specific autoepitope enhances positive selection of disease-causing, self-reactive T cells. An immunodominant gastritogenic epitope, namely the gastric H/K ATPase beta(More)
A hallmark of T cell activation is the ligation-induced down-modulation of the TCR:CD3 complex. However, little is known about the molecular events that drive this process. The CD3 zeta-chain has been shown to play a unique role in regulating the assembly, transport, and cell surface expression of the TCR:CD3 complex. In this study we have investigated the(More)
Cytokine polyfunctionality has recently emerged as a correlate of effective CTL immunity to viruses and tumors. Although the determinants of polyfunctionality remain unclear, there are published instances of a link between the production of multiple effector molecules and the peptide plus MHC class I molecule avidity of T cell populations. Influenza A virus(More)