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Genetic ablation of the Lyn tyrosine kinase has revealed unique inhibitory roles in B lymphocyte signaling. We now report the consequences of sustained activation of Lyn in vivo using a targeted gain-of-function mutation (Lyn(up/up) mice). Lyn(up/up) mice have reduced numbers of conventional B lymphocytes, down-regulated surface immunoglobulin M and(More)
We investigated the correlation between the circulating and imaging biomarkers of tumour vascularity, and examined whether they are prognostic of outcomes in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Despite the increasing use of anti-angiogenic agents within neuro-oncology, there are still no validated biomarkers to monitor for a treatment response or(More)
Glioma cells release glutamate through expression of system xc-, which exchanges intracellular glutamate for extracellular cysteine. Lack of the excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT2) expression maintains high extracellular glutamate levels in the glioma microenvironment, causing excitotoxicity to surrounding parenchyma. Not only does this contribute(More)
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