Nicole J Van Bergen

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BACKGROUND Noncommunicable diseases are an increasing health concern worldwide, but particularly in low- and middle-income countries. This study quantified and compared education- and wealth-based inequalities in the prevalence of five noncommunicable diseases (angina, arthritis, asthma, depression and diabetes) and comorbidity in low- and middle-income(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring inequalities in non communicable disease risk factor prevalence can help to inform and target effective interventions. The prevalence of current daily smoking, low fruit and vegetable consumption, physical inactivity, and heavy episodic alcohol drinking were quantified and compared across wealth and education levels in low- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure within-country wealth-related inequality in the health service coverage gap of maternal and child health indicators in sub-Saharan Africa and quantify its contribution to the national health service coverage gap. METHODS Coverage data for child and maternal health services in 28 sub-Saharan African countries were obtained from the(More)
Monitoring inequalities in health is fundamental to the equitable and progressive realization of universal health coverage (UHC). A successful approach to global inequality monitoring must be intuitive enough for widespread adoption, yet maintain technical credibility. This article discusses methodological considerations for equity-oriented monitoring of(More)
Our objective was to quantify disability prevalence among older adults of low- and middle-income countries, and measure socio-demographic distribution of disability. World Health Survey data included 53,447 adults aged 50 or older from 43 low- and middle-income countries. Disability was a binary classification, based on a composite score derived from(More)
BACKGROUND caregivers make substantial contributions to health and social systems, but many low-resource settings lack reliable data about the determinants and experiences of older adults who are caregivers. OBJECTIVE we identified socio-demographic determinants of caregiving among older adults of low- and middle-income countries, and compared(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring inequalities based on subnational regions is a useful practice to unmask geographical differences in health, and deploy targeted, equity-oriented interventions. Our objective is to describe, compare and contrast current methods of measuring subnational regional inequality. We apply a selection of summary measures to empirical data from(More)
BACKGROUND Immunisation programmes have made substantial contributions to lowering the burden of disease in children, but there is a growing need to ensure that programmes are equity-oriented. We aimed to provide a detailed update about the state of between-country inequality and within-country economic-related inequality in the delivery of three doses of(More)
The Health Equity Monitor (HEM) is one component theme of the Global Health Observatory, the main statistics repository of the World Health Organization (WHO). Launched in 2013, HEM is a collaboration between: the WHO Department of Information, Evidence and Research (Geneva, Switzerland); the WHO Gender, Equity and Human Rights Team (Geneva, Switzerland);(More)
Emerging therapies for sensorineural hearing loss include replacing damaged auditory neurons (ANs) using stem cells. Ultimately, it is important that these replacement cells can be patient-matched to avoid immunorejection. As human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) can be obtained directly from the patient, they offer an opportunity to generate(More)