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The Mycobacterium tuberculosis TetR-type regulator Rv3574 has been implicated in pathogenesis as it is induced in vivo, and genome-wide essentiality studies show it is required for infection. As the gene is highly conserved in the mycobacteria, we deleted the Rv3574 orthologue in Mycobacterium smegmatis (MSMEG_6042) and used real-time quantitative(More)
The modified flavin coenzyme F(420) is found in a restricted number of microorganisms. It is widely distributed in mycobacteria, however, where it is important in energy metabolism, and in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is implicated in redox processes related to non-replicating persistence. In Mtb, the F(420)-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase(More)
Loss of expression of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins leads to resistance of tumor cells to a variety of DNA-damaging agents, including bifunctional alkylating and monofunctional methylating agents such as cis-diaminedichloroplatinum II (CDDP) and N'-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). It has been suggested that coupling to cell death does not occur in the absence(More)
A major obstacle associated with recombinant protein over-expression in Escherichia coli is the production of insoluble inclusion bodies, a problem particularly pronounced with Mycobacterium tuberculosis proteins. One strategy to overcome the formation of inclusion bodies is to use an expression host that is more closely related to the organism from which(More)
Recent polymorphism analyses of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains have identified missense mutations unique to the W-Beijing lineage in genes belonging to the Nudix hydrolase superfamily. This study investigates the structure and function of one of these Nudix hydrolases, MutT2, and examines the effect that the W-Beijing mutation (G58R) has on enzyme(More)
Infection by one of the 4 distinct serotypes of dengue virus (DENV) threatens >40% of the world's population, with no efficacious vaccine or antiviral agent currently available. DENV replication through the virus-encoded nonstructural protein (NS) 5 protein occurs in the infected cell cytoplasm, but NS5 from DENV2 has thus far been shown to localize(More)
Flaviviral NS3 serine proteases require the NS2B cofactor region (cNS2B) to be active. Recent crystal structures of WNV (West Nile virus) protease in complex with inhibitors revealed that cNS2B participates in the formation of the protease active site. No crystal structures of ternary complexes are currently available for DENV (dengue virus) to validate the(More)
Large-scale structural genomics centres rely heavily on robotics to ensure that maximum throughput is achieved. However, the size and cost of these approaches is out of the reach of most academic structural biology efforts. A major challenge for such groups is to adapt current high-throughput schemes to a reasonable scale with the resources available. A(More)
We applied an emm cluster typing system to group A Streptococcus strains in New Zealand, including those associated with acute rheumatic fever (ARF). We observed few so-called rheumatogenic emm types but found a high proportion of emm types previously associated with pyoderma, further suggesting a role for skin infection in ARF.
AIMS To describe the molecular epidemiology of emm types associated with circulating pharyngeal group A streptococcus (GAS) isolates in Auckland, New Zealand. METHODS GAS isolates were collected over a 10-day period from a community pathology provider in Auckland. PCR analysis and sequencing of the emm gene was performed at the Institute of Environmental(More)