Learn More
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although there are many candidates as molecular mechanotransducers, so far there has been no evidence for molecular specialization of visceral afferents. Here, we show that colonic afferents express a specific molecular transducer that underlies their specialized mechanosensory function: the transient receptor potential channel, vanilloid(More)
Nutrient-evoked gastrointestinal reflexes are likely initiated by specialized epithelial cells located in the small intestine that detect luminal stimuli and release mediators that activate vagal endings. The G-protein alpha-gustducin, a key signal molecule in lingual taste detection, has been identified in mouse small intestine, where it may also subserve(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family includes transducers of mechanical and chemical stimuli for visceral sensory neurons. TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is implicated in inflammatory pain; it interacts with G-protein-coupled receptors, but little is known about its role in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Sensory information from(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) are classified into group I, II, and III mGluR. Group I (mGluR1, mGluR5) are excitatory, whereas group II and III are inhibitory. mGluR5 antagonism potently reduces triggering of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations and gastroesophageal reflux. Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations are mediated(More)
Vagal afferents that innervate gastric muscle or mucosa transmit distinct sensory information from their endings to the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (NTS). While these afferent subtypes are functionally distinct, no neurochemical correlate has been described and it is unknown whether they terminate in different central locations. This study aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Inhibitory G-protein-coupled receptors have demonstrated potential in treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) through actions on vagal afferent signaling. Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) belong to this receptor family and have great pharmacologic and molecular diversity, with 8 subtypes. We investigated mGluR in the(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) are classified into groups I (excitatory), II and III (inhibitory) mGluR. Activation of peripheral group III mGluR (mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7, mGluR8), particularly mGluR8, inhibits vagal afferent mechanosensitivity in vitro which translates into reduced triggering of transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations(More)
The neuropeptide galanin is found in the central and peripheral nervous systems. It may have excitatory or inhibitory actions via three subtypes of G-protein-coupled receptor, and it modulates the mechanosensitivity of somatic sensory fibres. We aimed to determine if galanin also modulates vagal afferent mechanosensitivity, and to localize endogenous(More)
GABA(B)-receptor (GABA(B)R) agonists reduce transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) and reflux episodes through an action on vagal pathways. In this study, we determined whether GABA(B)R are expressed on vagal afferent neurones and whether they modulate distension-evoked discharge of vagal afferents in the isolated stomach. Vagal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS During gastroesophageal reflux, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation and crural diaphragm (CD) inhibition occur concomitantly. Modifying vagus nerve control of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation is a major focus of development of therapeutics for gastroesophageal reflux disease, but neural mechanisms that coordinate(More)