Nicole Helbecque

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Adiponectin (ACRP30), an adipocyte-secreted protein encoded by the APM1 gene, is known to modulate insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis, those effects protecting obese mice from diabetes. Plasma adiponectin levels correlate well with insulin sensitivity in humans, and are decreased in both type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. We screened for(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a transcription factor implicated in adipocyte differentiation, lipid and glucose metabolism. A polymorphism corresponding to a silent C-->T substitution was detected in exon 6 of the PPAR gamma gene. We analysed the relationships between this genetic polymorphism and various markers of the(More)
KLF11 (TIEG2) is a pancreas-enriched transcription factor that has elicited significant attention because of its role as negative regulator of exocrine cell growth in vitro and in vivo. However, its functional role in the endocrine pancreas remains to be established. Here, we report, for the first time, to our knowledge, the characterization of KLF11 as a(More)
OBJECTIVE The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor gamma2 (PPARgamma2) gene has been inconsistently associated with body mass index variations and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). We investigated the impact of this polymorphism on obesity markers, lipid and glucose variables in a sample of French subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) plays a role in adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitization. It has been shown that genetic variation in the PPARgamma gene alters body weight control, lipid and insulin homeostasis, and the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. Four PPARgamma isoforms are generated by(More)
Aims/hypothesis. The UCP2-UCP3 gene region has been previously associated with obesity and diabetes. In a large representative cohort of Northern France (MONICA project), we studied the effect of a recently reported C/T polymorphism located in the 5' sequences of the UCP3 gene on anthropometric measurements and lipid profile. We also examined the(More)
Previous studies have clearly demonstrated the beneficial effect of beta-blockers in patients with stable congestive heart failure (CHF). beta-blockers improve left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and reduce cardiac mortality. However, there is an interindividual variability in the response to these agents. Two studies have suggested a possible impact(More)
BACKGROUND Although intracoronary stent implantation significantly reduces restenosis compared with balloon angioplasty, a minority of patients still develop restenosis predominantly due to neointimal hyperplasia. Experimental studies suggest that the renin-angiotensin system is involved in neointimal hyperplasia after arterial injury. In humans, the plasma(More)
OBJECTIVES Our hypothesis was that functional polymorphisms in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes may act as susceptibility factors for the development of coronary aneurysms (CAs). BACKGROUND Different forms of remodeling have been described at the level of coronary arteries; CA, reported in 1% to 5% of patients with angiographic evidence of coronary(More)