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Using social cognitive theory, we opened up the black box of psychological processes in which e-learners engage. We believed that prior experience with ICT and virtual competence were two influential factors that affected e-learning and had a positive influence on its outcomes. We tested our hypotheses on a sample of 383 Chinese students participating in(More)
Institutional pressures and technological adaptation have frequently been expressed as contrasting forces that explain organizational processes and actions. Institutional arguments suggest that environmental pressure, deriving from regulative, cognitive, and normative forces predict organizational action (or inaction), and impel organizations to favor(More)
Success in information systems project implementations remains an elusive goal for many organizations. One factor contributing to project outcomes is the skills employed by the IT project manager. This study develops a literature based model which seeks to describe the link between IT project managers skills and IT project success. Specifically, IT project(More)
Frequent technological advances require IT professionals to update skills to ensure adequate performance. Yet relatively little research has studied skill obsolescence among IT professionals. This study builds upon work on skill obsolescence among engineers to understand how IT professionals respond to the threat of obsolescence and take actions to update(More)
Organizing and accomplishing virtual work presents both opportunities and challenges. Our review of the literature indicates that an important element of the virtual organization phenomenon-individual knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs) to work virtually (Powell, Picoli and Ives, 2004), has not been well studies. Based on Bandura' s (1986) social(More)
Understanding how to develop users' skills and abilities and how to best support users in their everyday use of technology remains a key managerial problem. This study uses Bandura's social cognitive theory (1986) to focus on the everyday phenomenon of technical support as a mechanism of vicarious learning through which users learn about their technology.(More)
Perceived as the form of organizing of the future, virtual teams have proliferated all over the world. However, the meaning of virtualization is more than just a work arrangement. People actually enjoy the benefits of remote communication via ICT in daily life. Given the communication difficulties in virtual teams, this paper reviews the literature of(More)