Nicole Gunther

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Victimisation in childhood may be associated with adult psychosis. The current study examined this association in the crucial developmental period of early adolescence and investigated whether (1) unwanted sexual experiences, and (2) being bullied, were associated with non-clinical delusional ideation and hallucinatory experiences in a general population(More)
BACKGROUND Neighbourhood characteristics may influence the risk of psychosis, independently of their individual-level equivalents. AIMS To examine these issues in a multi-level model of schizophrenia incidence. METHOD Cases of schizophrenia, incident between 1986 and 1997, were identified from the Maastricht Mental Health Case Register. A multi-level(More)
BACKGROUND Auditory hallucinations are common in adolescents. However, it has been suggested that not the presence of low-grade psychotic experiences per se, but rather the level of persistence and associated clinical complications over time may lead to psychotic illness. The current paper investigated, in a large representative sample of adolescents, to(More)
BACKGROUND Different psychological models of trauma-induced psychosis have been postulated, often based on the observation of "specific" associations between particular types of childhood trauma (CT) and particular psychotic symptoms or the co-occurrence of delusions and hallucinations. However, the actual specificity of these associations remains to be(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the reliability of a brief instrument to assess coping with symptoms by patients with psychotic illness. METHOD A semi-structured interview (MACS) was developed to assess the amounts of distress, control and coping in relation to psychotic symptoms. Two raters interviewed 23 symptomatic but stable patients with a diagnosis of chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analyses link childhood trauma to depression, mania, anxiety disorders, and psychosis. It is unclear, however, whether these outcomes truly represent distinct disorders following childhood trauma, or that childhood trauma is associated with admixtures of affective, psychotic, anxiety and manic psychopathology throughout life. METHOD We(More)
OBJECTIVE Associations between subjective experience of control and the use of self-initiated coping strategies were examined in patients with psychotic symptoms. METHOD Twenty-three patients were interviewed to assess (i) the subjective experience of distress with and control over symptoms and (ii) the coping strategies used. RESULTS There was a(More)
First-episode studies of schizophrenia are being carried out in many places. However, previous work has suggested that only half of the patients with schizophrenia receive the diagnosis in the initial stages of the illness. We examined whether cases of early- and late-diagnosed schizophrenia differed with respect to key sociodemographic characteristics and(More)
OBJECTIVE Based on theoretical considerations and animal studies, mediation of 'social defeat' (SD) in the association between childhood trauma (CT) and psychosis was investigated. METHOD Trained interviewers administered a structured interview assessing CT, psychotic experiences and other psychopathology in 6646 participants in the second Netherlands(More)
The present editorial discusses whether socioeconomic status of the individual and of the neighbourhood could be important in prevalence, treatment and prevention of psychiatric morbidity. Previous research showed that patients diagnosed with mental disorders are concentrated in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. This could be the result of (1) an(More)