Nicole Gabillat

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Most, but not all, cell types release intracellular organic solutes (e.g. taurine) in response to cell swelling to achieve cell volume regulation. Although this efflux is blocked by classical inhibitors of the electroneutral anion exchanger band 3 (AE1), it is thought to involve an anion channel. The role of band 3 in volume-dependent taurine transport was(More)
Overhydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (OHSt) is a rare dominantly inherited hemolytic anemia characterized by a profuse membrane leak to monovalent cations. Here, we show that OHSt red cell membranes contain slightly reduced amounts of Rh-associated glycoprotein (RhAG), a putative gas channel protein. DNA analysis revealed that the OHSt patients have 1 of(More)
The anion exchanger 1 (AE1) is encoded by the SLC4A1 gene and catalyzes the electroneutral anion exchange across cell plasma membrane. It is the most abundant transmembrane protein expressed in red cell where it is involved in CO(2) transport. Recently, 4 new point mutations of SLC4A1 gene have been described leading to missense mutations in the protein(More)
1. It was previously shown that expressed in Xenopus oocyte the mouse (mAE1) and the trout (tAE1) anion exchanger behave differently: both elicit anion exchange activity but only tAE1 induces a transport of organic solutes correlated with a chloride channel activity. The present data, obtained by measurement of Xenopus oocyte membrane permeability and(More)
SLC26 family members are anionic transporters involved in Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) absorption or secretion in epithelia. SLC26A9, preferentially expressed in the lung, is a poorly characterized member of this family. In this study, we investigated the transport properties of human SLC26A9 to determine its functional and pharmacological characteristics. SLC26A9(More)
1. Swelling of trout erythrocytes can be induced either by addition of catecholamine to the cell suspension, thus promoting NaCl uptake via beta-adrenergic-stimulated Na(+)-H+ exchange (isotonic swelling) or by suspending red blood cells in a hypotonic medium (hypotonic swelling). In both cases cells tend to regulate their volume by losing K+, but the(More)
Expression of trout anion exchanger 1 (tAE1) in Xenopus oocyte led to the stimulation of a Na(+)- and Cl(-)-dependent Rb influx. Functional features and pharmacological data strongly suggest that this Rb influx is mediated by the endogenous Na-K-2Cl (NKCC) co-transporter. The functional relationship between expression of tAE1 and activation of the NKCC(More)
In this study, we devised a cysteine-focused point mutation analysis of the chloride channel function of trout anion exchanger 1 (tAE1) expressed in X. laevis oocytes. Seven cysteines, belonging to the transmembrane domain of tAE1, were mutated into serines (either individually or in groups) and the effects of these mutations on the chloride conductance of(More)
In this study, we have shown that, when expressed in Xenopus oocytes, trout anion exchanger 1 (tAE1) was able to act as a bifunctional protein, either an anion exchanger or a chloride conductance. Point mutations of tAE1 were carried out and their effect on Cl- conductance and Cl- unidirectional flux were studied. We have shown that mutations made in(More)
Anion exchanger 1 (AE1) is encoded by SLC4A1 and mediates electroneutral anion exchange across cell membranes. It is the most abundant protein in the red cell membrane, but it is also found in the basolateral membrane of renal alpha-intercalated cells, where it is required for normal urinary acidification. Recently, four point mutations in red cell AE1 have(More)