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HOs (haem oxygenases) catalyse the oxidative cleavage of haem to BV (biliverdin), iron and carbon monoxide. In plants, the product of the reaction is BV IXalpha, the precursor of the PHY (phytochrome) chromophore and is thus essential for proper photomorphogenesis. Arabidopsis thaliana contains one major biochemically characterized HO (HY1) and three(More)
Dispersion is a process used by bacteria to successfully transit from a biofilm to a planktonic growth state and to spawn novel communities in new locales. Alterations in bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP) levels have been shown to be associated with biofilm dispersal in a number of different bacteria. The signaling molecule nitric oxide (NO) is(More)
For many pathogenic bacteria like Pseudomonas aeruginosa heme is an essential source of iron. After uptake, the heme molecule is degraded by heme oxygenases to yield iron, carbon monoxide, and biliverdin. The heme oxygenase PigA is only induced under iron-limiting conditions and produces the unusual biliverdin isomers IXbeta and IXdelta. The gene for a(More)
Phytochrome photoreceptors sense red and far-red light through photointerconversion between two stable conformations, a process mediated by a linear tetrapyrrole chromophore. Originally, phytochromes were thought to be confined to photosynthetic organisms including cyanobacteria, but they have been recently discovered in heterotrophic bacteria and fungi,(More)
Although the oceanic cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus harvests light with a chlorophyll antenna [1-3] rather than with the phycobilisomes that are typical of cyanobacteria, some strains express genes that are remnants of the ancestral Synechococcus phycobilisomes [4]. Similarly, some Prochlorococcus cyanophages, which often harbor photosynthesis-related genes(More)
Bilins are open-chain tetrapyrrole molecules essential for light-harvesting and/or sensing in many photosynthetic organisms. While they serve as chromophores in phytochrome-mediated light-sensing in plants, they additionally function in light-harvesting in cyanobacteria, red algae and cryptomonads. Associated to phycobiliproteins a variety of bile pigments(More)
Co-ordination of chromophore and apoprotein biosynthesis is required during photosynthetic light-harvesting antennae production, such as occurs during complementary chromatic adaptation (CCA). This response to ambient light colour changes is controlled by a phytochrome-class photoreceptor and involves changes in the synthesis of cyanobacterial(More)
The red light-sensing photoreceptor FphA from Aspergillus nidulans is involved in the regulation of developmental processes in response to light. Here we present extended biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of recombinant FphA using a synthetic gene with host-adapted codon usage. The recombinant photosensory domain FphAN753 was shown to display(More)
Phytochromes are photochromic biliproteins found in plants as well as in some cyanotrophic, photoautotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. In many bacteria, their function is largely unknown. Here we describe the biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of recombinant bacterial phytochrome from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PaBphP).(More)
Heme oxygenases (HO) are widely distributed enzymes involved in the degradation of heme to biliverdin, carbon monoxide and Fe(2+). The model plant Arabidopsis thaliana possesses three functional HOs (HY1, HO3 and HO4) which are thus far biochemically indistinguishable. Here, we investigate binding of the reaction product and putative inhibitor CO to these(More)