Nicole Frankenberg-Dinkel

Learn More
Phytochrome photoreceptors sense red and far-red light through photointerconversion between two stable conformations, a process mediated by a linear tetrapyrrole chromophore. Originally, phytochromes were thought to be confined to photosynthetic organisms including cyanobacteria, but they have been recently discovered in heterotrophic bacteria and fungi,(More)
HOs (haem oxygenases) catalyse the oxidative cleavage of haem to BV (biliverdin), iron and carbon monoxide. In plants, the product of the reaction is BV IXalpha, the precursor of the PHY (phytochrome) chromophore and is thus essential for proper photomorphogenesis. Arabidopsis thaliana contains one major biochemically characterized HO (HY1) and three(More)
For many pathogenic bacteria like Pseudomonas aeruginosa heme is an essential source of iron. After uptake, the heme molecule is degraded by heme oxygenases to yield iron, carbon monoxide, and biliverdin. The heme oxygenase PigA is only induced under iron-limiting conditions and produces the unusual biliverdin isomers IXbeta and IXdelta. The gene for a(More)
Although the oceanic cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus harvests light with a chlorophyll antenna [1-3] rather than with the phycobilisomes that are typical of cyanobacteria, some strains express genes that are remnants of the ancestral Synechococcus phycobilisomes [4]. Similarly, some Prochlorococcus cyanophages, which often harbor photosynthesis-related genes(More)
Dispersion is a process used by bacteria to successfully transit from a biofilm to a planktonic growth state and to spawn novel communities in new locales. Alterations in bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP) levels have been shown to be associated with biofilm dispersal in a number of different bacteria. The signaling molecule nitric oxide (NO) is(More)
The red light-sensing photoreceptor FphA from Aspergillus nidulans is involved in the regulation of developmental processes in response to light. Here we present extended biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of recombinant FphA using a synthetic gene with host-adapted codon usage. The recombinant photosensory domain FphAN753 was shown to display(More)
In the high-light-adapted unicellular marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus sp. MED4 the cpeB gene is the only gene coding for a structural phycobiliprotein. The absence of any other phycoerythrin gene in the fully sequenced genome of this organism, the previous inability to detect a gene product, and the mutation of two out of four cysteine residues,(More)
Bilins are open-chain tetrapyrrole molecules essential for light-harvesting and/or sensing in many photosynthetic organisms. While they serve as chromophores in phytochrome-mediated light-sensing in plants, they additionally function in light-harvesting in cyanobacteria, red algae and cryptomonads. Associated to phycobiliproteins a variety of bile pigments(More)
Heme oxygenases (HO) degrade heme yielding iron, carbon monoxide and one of four possible biliverdin (BV) isomers. Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 is thus far the only organism to contain two HOs with different regiospecificities: BphO and PigA. While BphO cleaves heme to exclusively yield BV IXα, PigA produces the BV isomers IXβ and IXδ. We bioinformatically(More)
The importance of heme oxygenases in heme catabolism, iron utilization, and cellular signaling has been recognized for many years and is a well studied process in eukaryotes. Through the accessibility of an increasing number of bacterial genomes, it has become evident that heme oxygenases are also widespread in prokaryotes. In these organisms, the heme(More)