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Dispersion is a process used by bacteria to successfully transit from a biofilm to a planktonic growth state and to spawn novel communities in new locales. Alterations in bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP) levels have been shown to be associated with biofilm dispersal in a number of different bacteria. The signaling molecule nitric oxide (NO) is(More)
HOs (haem oxygenases) catalyse the oxidative cleavage of haem to BV (biliverdin), iron and carbon monoxide. In plants, the product of the reaction is BV IXalpha, the precursor of the PHY (phytochrome) chromophore and is thus essential for proper photomorphogenesis. Arabidopsis thaliana contains one major biochemically characterized HO (HY1) and three(More)
Although the oceanic cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus harvests light with a chlorophyll antenna [1-3] rather than with the phycobilisomes that are typical of cyanobacteria, some strains express genes that are remnants of the ancestral Synechococcus phycobilisomes [4]. Similarly, some Prochlorococcus cyanophages, which often harbor photosynthesis-related genes(More)
For many pathogenic bacteria like Pseudomonas aeruginosa heme is an essential source of iron. After uptake, the heme molecule is degraded by heme oxygenases to yield iron, carbon monoxide, and biliverdin. The heme oxygenase PigA is only induced under iron-limiting conditions and produces the unusual biliverdin isomers IXbeta and IXdelta. The gene for a(More)
Phytochrome photoreceptors sense red and far-red light through photointerconversion between two stable conformations, a process mediated by a linear tetrapyrrole chromophore. Originally, phytochromes were thought to be confined to photosynthetic organisms including cyanobacteria, but they have been recently discovered in heterotrophic bacteria and fungi,(More)
The red light-sensing photoreceptor FphA from Aspergillus nidulans is involved in the regulation of developmental processes in response to light. Here we present extended biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of recombinant FphA using a synthetic gene with host-adapted codon usage. The recombinant photosensory domain FphAN753 was shown to display(More)
Phytochromes are photochromic biliproteins found in plants as well as in some cyanotrophic, photoautotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. In many bacteria, their function is largely unknown. Here we describe the biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of recombinant bacterial phytochrome from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PaBphP).(More)
The importance of heme oxygenases in heme catabolism, iron utilization, and cellular signaling has been recognized for many years and is a well studied process in eukaryotes. Through the accessibility of an increasing number of bacterial genomes, it has become evident that heme oxygenases are also widespread in prokaryotes. In these organisms, the heme(More)
In the high-light-adapted unicellular marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus sp. MED4 the cpeB gene is the only gene coding for a structural phycobiliprotein. The absence of any other phycoerythrin gene in the fully sequenced genome of this organism, the previous inability to detect a gene product, and the mutation of two out of four cysteine residues,(More)
Phycoerythrobilin is a linear tetrapyrrole molecule found in cyanobacteria, red algae, and cryptomonads. Together with other bilins such as phycocyanobilin it serves as a light-harvesting pigment in the photosynthetic light-harvesting structures of cyanobacteria called phycobilisomes. The biosynthesis of both pigments starts with the cleavage of heme by(More)