Nicole Desplaces

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Urease-positive thermophilic campylobacters were isolated for the first time from the feces of two adults with diarrheal disease and from the appendix of a child with appendicitis. They were identified as Campylobacter laridis by a hybridization dot blot assay. Urease testing should be included in the tests used for the identification of campylobacters at(More)
 In a randomised double-blind trial conducted between 1990 and 1994, 616 patients from 43 centres, pefloxacin (group P, 316 patients) and a cefazolin-oxacillin combination (group C, 300 patients) were compared in the prophylaxis of bone infection after grade 1 and 2 open leg fractures. Samples were obtained at emergency, before and during surgery, and from(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium xenopi spinal infections were diagnosed in 1993 in patients who had undergone surgical microdiscectomy for disc hernia, by nucleotomy or microsurgery, in a private hospital. Contaminated tap water, used for rinsing surgical devices after disinfection, was identified as the source of the outbreak. Several cases were recorded in the 4(More)
BACKGROUND Exchange arthroplasty of one or two stages is required for the treatment of chronic periprosthetic joint infections. Two-stage exchange is costly and has high morbidity with limited patient mobility between procedures. One-stage exchange has been promoted by several European teams as the preferred alternative. The aim of this study was to(More)
We studied the SmaI and SstII macrorestriction patterns of 54 Staphylococcus epidermidis strains isolated from 14 patients infected following the implantation of joint prostheses. Multiple strains from pus and infected tissue specimens of each patient were selected on the basis of different colony morphologies and drug resistance patterns. The same criteria(More)
BACKGROUND Outcome of streptococcal prosthetic hip infection is often thought to be better than that caused by other pathogens. That supposition was not confirmed in our experience with group B streptococcal prosthetic joint infection. OBJECTIVE We compared outcomes of group B streptococcal and other-pathogen prosthetic hip infections. METHODS One(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about Listeria monocytogenes-associated bone and joint infections. Only case reports of this infection have been published. METHODS Retrospective study of culture-proven bone and joint cases reported to the French National Reference Center for Listeria from 1992 to 2010. RESULTS Forty-three patients were studied: 61% were men,(More)
OBJECTIVES To define the sensitivity and specificity of routine preoperative hip aspiration for diagnosing hip prosthesis infection (HPI) and to separately analyze subgroups with and without a clinical suspicion of HPI before aspiration. METHODS From June 1994 to June 1997, all patients scheduled for hip revision surgery underwent aspiration of the hip(More)
New quinolones are very potent compounds against Gram-negative bacteria, including Pseudomonas, and staphylococci. They are particularly interesting because of their oral availability and their pharmacokinetic properties. When combined with other common antibiotics they appear to have mostly indifferent effects in vitro. Clinical results have shown their(More)
Using a panel of nine monoclonal antibodies, we subgrouped 85 environmental and 129 clinical Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 isolates from Paris, France. Patients were unlikely to be epidemiologically linked either with each other or with the 44 sampled environmental sites (14 air conditioning systems and 30 buildings) that were selected at random in the(More)