Nicole D. Riddle

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Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone-forming tumour that typically arises within the metaphysis of long bones. Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare variant that usually arises in the deep soft tissues, especially in the legs. We report a 65-year-old white man with an ulcerated, nodular lesion of the forearm. Based on the histological features and(More)
Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon bone disease. The diagnosis is usually not difficult, given the symptoms, radiology, and histology. The gene involved is the α subunit of the G-protein receptor. Recent innovation in molecular pathology has helped us understand the mechanism of disease pathogenesis. The treatment of fibrous dysplasia is limited to(More)
BACKGROUND The immunohistochemical hallmarks of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are positivity for CD117 (c-kit) and CD34; however, CD117 is not specific for GISTs, and the list of CD117+ tumors/tissues is increasing. Also, MDM2 is known to be amplified in several types of mesenchymal tumors, including liposarcoma. METHODS We report a spindle cell(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) provides a unique system to evaluate the complete range of neoplastic expressions, from encapsulated benignity to invasiveness and malignancy. This study was aimed at determining whether CD44 and p53 may serve as indicators of malignant progression of neurofibroma. CD44, a transmembrane glycoprotein receptor for hyaluronic(More)
Sirtuin, silent mating-type information regulation 2 homolog Saccharomyces cerevisiae 1 (SIRT1), is a protein that has been implicated in multiple mammalian functions including cell aging, stress resistance, and differentiation. SIRT1 has also been shown to be involved in multiple tumors. In addition, new pharmacotherapies have recently been approved that(More)
Context. Leiomyosarcomas are rare malignant smooth muscle tumors that may arise in any organ or tissue that contains smooth muscle, commonly within the gastrointestinal tract. They are most often found in the stomach, large and small intestines, and retroperitoneum. Primary pancreatic leiomyosarcoma is extremely rare, and to the best of our knowledge only(More)
INTRODUCTION Giant cell tumor (GCT) is an aggressive, but usually benign bone neoplasm most commonly arising in the metaphysis/epiphyses of long bones. While they are categorized as benign tumors, they can be locally aggressive and clinically have metastatic potential. The most common locations of this tumor include the distal femur, proximal tibia, and(More)
Angiomatosis is a rare benign lesion of the head and neck that can be mistaken for either a vascular malformation or malignant disease as a result of its infiltrative nature. The recurrence rate of angiomatosis requiring surgery is reported to be >90%, and as such the otolaryngologist treating this condition should endeavor to remove all disease during the(More)
Little is known about the etiology or pathogenesis of angiosarcoma (AS). We describe a series of 5 cases of AS arising in chronic expanding hematomas. Inclusion criteria were the presence of a hematoma of at least 1-year duration and a thick fibrous wall surrounding the hematoma. Patients were 4 men and 1 woman; ages ranged from 43 to 71 years. Locations(More)