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One of the severe complications following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is cerebral edema and its effective treatment is of great interest to prevent further brain damage. This study investigated the effects of minocycline, known for its anti-inflammatory properties, on cerebral edema and its respective inflammatory markers by comparing different dose(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes a wide spectrum of consequences, such as microglial activation, cerebral inflammation, and focal and diffuse brain injury, as well as functional impairment. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of acute treatment with minocycline as an inhibitor of microglial activation on cerebral focal and diffuse lesions,(More)
Traumatic brain injury produces nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species. Peroxynitrite, resulting from the combination of nitric oxide and superoxide anions, triggers DNA strand breaks, leading to the activation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1. As excessive activation of this enzyme induces cell death, we examined the production of nitrosative stress, the(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces both focal and diffuse lesions that are concurrently responsible for the ensuing morbidity and mortality and for which no established treatment is available. It has been recently reported that an endogenous neuroprotector, the soluble form α of the amyloid precursor protein (sAPPα), exerts neuroprotective effects(More)
Acute brain injuries have been identified as a risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Because glutamate plays a pivotal role in these pathologies, we studied the influence of glutamate receptor activation on amyloid-beta (Abeta) production in primary cultures of cortical neurons. We found that sublethal NMDA receptor activation increased the(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury models are widely studied, especially through gene expression, either to further understand implied biological mechanisms or to assess the efficiency of potential therapies. A large number of biological pathways are affected in brain trauma models, whose elucidation might greatly benefit from transcriptomic studies. However(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) was shown to be detrimental in cerebral ischemia but the mechanisms whereby PARP is deleterious have yet to be determined. They may include a role in neutrophil infiltration known to aggravate ischemic damage. In this context, we investigated the effect of 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB), a PARP inhibitor, on brain damage and(More)
Neuroinflammation is one of the events occurring after acute brain injuries. The aim of the present report was to characterize a rat model to study acute neuroinflammation on the histopathological, biochemical and functional outcomes. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), known as a strong immunostimulant, was directly injected into the hippocampus. The spatiotemporal(More)
The implication of cyclooxygenase (COX) type 2 in post-traumatic consequences is so far controversial. In experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI), genetic disruption or pharmacological inhibition of COX-2 has been shown to be neuroprotective, deleterious or without effect. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the effect of COX-2(More)
The present work examined whether polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) infiltration contributes to cortical and striatal brain damage and oxidative stress in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia. A 2-h occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery and ipsilateral common carotid artery was performed in rats. Administration of the neutropenic agent(More)
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