Nicole Claperon

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1. The successive effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril (CAP, 2 mg kg(-1)+1 mg kg(-1) 30 min(-1) infusion) and the neutral endopeptidase 24-11 inhibitor retrothiorphan (RT, 25 mg kg(-1)+12.5 mg kg(-1) 30 min(-1) infusion) were studied on femoral vascular conductance (FVC) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ-SD) and control(More)
We propose a constant cephalic blood perfusion method especially suitable to the rat. Cerebrovascular blood pressure is artificially regulated by an extracorporeal circuit with a perfusion pump and a Starling valve. A hemorrheological evaluation allows one to demonstrate an extracorporeal circuit that shows a growing pathological evolution, which can be(More)
This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism by which adenosine triphosphate (ATP) encapsulated into liposomes was able to protect against experimental brain ischemia in the rat. After intracarotidal administration of liposomally entrapped ATP, the ATP blood level increased dramatically whereas no change was observed after administration of free ATP.(More)
Aldose reductase inhibitors, and particularly sorbinil, have been reported to prevent glomerular basement membrane thickening (GBMT) and albuminuria development in diabetic rats, but contradictory observations have been published. The aim of this study was to answer the following questions (i) is the corrective effect of sorbinil on GBMT, if confirmed,(More)
Liposomally entrapped adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was administered intracerebroventricularly and intracarotidally to rats subjected to brain ischaemic episodes by clamping of the carotid arteries and lowering of the systemic blood pressure. It was observed that, when entrapped in liposomes, ATP greatly increased the number of ischaemic episodes before(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of chronic (8-day) oral treatment with the dual angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase 24-11 (NEP) inhibitor mixanpril (25 mg/kg twice a day), compared with the ACE inhibitor captopril (25 mg/kg twice a day), on whole body insulin-mediated glucose disposal in young (10-week) and old(More)
ATP entrapped into liposomes was administered intracarotidally to rats submitted to brain ischemics episodes by clamping of the carotid arteries and lowering of the systemic blood pressure. It was observed that when entrapped into liposomes, ATP greatly increased the number of ischemic episodes tolerated before brain electrical silence and death appeared.(More)
ATP was entrapped inside negatively charged liposomes composed of sulfatide, in order to improve its penetration into the brain and to reduce its degradation into other tissues. These liposomes were prepared according to an original method allowing a satisfying stability of the formulation. Liposomally entrapped ATP was administered(More)