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STUDY OBJECTIVES Suvorexant (MK-4305) is an orexin receptor antagonist being developed for the treatment of insomnia. This report describes the effects of nighttime administration of suvorexant on polysomnography (PSG) sleep parameters in healthy young men. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-period crossover PSG study, followed by an(More)
Non-invasive mucosal sampling (nasosorption and nasal curettage) was used following nasal allergen challenge with grass pollen in subjects with allergic rhinitis, in order to define the molecular basis of the late allergic reaction (LAR). It was found that the nasal LAR to grass pollen involves parallel changes in pathways of type 2 inflammation (IL-4, IL-5(More)
RATIONALE Histamine and dopamine contribute to the maintenance of wakefulness. OBJECTIVE This study aims to conduct an exploratory analysis of the effects of 10 and 50 mg of MK-0249, a novel histamine subtype-3 receptor inverse agonist, and 200 mg of modafinil, a presumed dopaminergic compound, on EEG power spectra during sleep deprivation and subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Rofecoxib, an inhibitor of the inducible cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 enzyme, appears not to cause acute gastroduodenal injury or chronic ulceration. To attribute this to COX-2 selectivity with sparing of gastric mucosal prostaglandin synthesis requires direct proof. METHODS Twenty-four healthy, nonsmoking Helicobacter pylori-negative(More)
Sudden intense sensory stimuli elicit a cascade of involuntary responses, including a short-latency skeletal muscular response ('eyeblink startle response') and longer-latency autonomic responses. These responses are enhanced when subjects anticipate an aversive event compared to periods when subjects are resting ('fear potentiation'). It has been reported(More)
RATIONALE Enhancement of histaminergic neurotransmission or histaminergic plus cholinergic neurotransmission may represent novel strategies for improving cognition in Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of a novel histamine H3 receptor inverse agonist (MK-3134), an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (donepezil), and their combination in(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT Body sway increases in older adults and may lead to an increase in the risk of falling. The problem of impaired stability in the elderly may be compounded by the use of hypnotics, which have been associated with an increased risk of next-day falls as well as drowsiness. The potential adverse effects of hypnotic drugs(More)
UNLABELLED Intradermal (ID) capsaicin injection in humans induces spontaneous pain, flare, primary hyperalgesia, secondary hyperalgesia, and allodynia. Secondary hyperalgesia and allodynia are a reflection of central sensitization. The effect of treatment of single doses of (1) pregabalin, 300 mg single oral dose, and (2) morphine, 10 mg IV, on the area of(More)
The alertness-promoting effect of MK-0249 (10 or 50 mg), a histamine subtype-3 receptor (HRH3) inverse agonist (IA), was evaluated in the stimulant reference sleep deprivation model (SRSDM) using a double-blind, double-dummy, placebo- and modafinil- (200 mg) controlled, four-period crossover design in 24 healthy young men. The two primary hypotheses were(More)
Orexin neuropeptides regulate sleep/wake through orexin receptors (OX1R, OX2R); OX2R is the predominant mediator of arousal promotion. The potential for single OX2R antagonism to effectively promote sleep has yet to be demonstrated in humans. MK-1064 is an OX2R-single antagonist. Preclinically, MK-1064 promotes sleep and increases both rapid eye movement(More)