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BACKGROUND Thrombin is the most potent agonist of platelets and plays a critical role in the development of arterial thrombosis. Human platelets express dual thrombin receptors, protease-activated receptor (PAR) 1 and PAR4; however, there are no therapeutic strategies that effectively target both receptors. METHODS AND RESULTS Platelet aggregation studies(More)
Sepsis is a deadly disease characterized by considerable derangement of the proinflammatory, anti-inflammatory and coagulation responses. Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), an important regulator of endothelial barrier function and blood coagulation, has been proposed to be involved in the lethal sequelae of sepsis, but it is unknown whether activation(More)
Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) play important roles in normal and pathological remodeling processes including atherothrombotic disease, inflammation, angiogenesis, and cancer. MMPs have been viewed as matrix-degrading enzymes, but recent studies have shown that they possess direct signaling capabilities. Platelets harbor several MMPs that modulate(More)
Accumulation of inflammatory mononuclear phagocytes in Alzheimer's senile plaques, a hallmark of the innate immune response to beta-amyloid fibrils, can initiate and propagate neurodegeneration characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Phagocytes migrate toward amyloid beta-protein involving formyl peptide receptor like-1-dependent signaling. Using human(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4, which normally regulates stromal stem cell interactions in the bone marrow, is highly expressed on a variety of malignant hematologic cells, including lymphoma and lymphocytic leukemias. A new treatment concept has arisen wherein CXCR4 may be an effective therapeutic target as an adjunct to treatment of hematologic neoplasms(More)
The aerial parts and roots of Leontopodium alpinum Cass. (Asteraceae) were investigated for their in vivo topical anti-inflammatory activity using the inhibition of Croton oil-induced ear dermatitis in mice. For both of the plant parts, the dichloromethane extract induced a dose-dependent oedema reduction, being more active than the methanol and 70% aqueous(More)
OBJECTIVE Antithrombin exerts direct effects on neutrophils by inhibiting chemokine-induced migration. This study examined the potency of different pharmaceutical antithrombin preparations in inhibiting neutrophil chemotaxis toward interleukin 8. METHODS Cell migration was tested by the leading front assay in modified Boyden microchemotaxis chambers(More)
Platelet activation and aggregation is considered a crucial step in the initiation and aggravation of arterial thrombosis. ADP from activated platelets is recognized as major factor in thrombus formation and is a potent stimulator of oxygen-free radical release from neutrophils. The aim of the present investigation was to determine in vitro the direct(More)
Increasing evidence shows the importance of platelet-endothelial cell interactions in the progression of atherosclerosis. Platelets contribute to coronary events both as major components of thrombi and as a triggering factor in inflammation that leads to plaque vulnerability. Recent data suggest that statins, besides their lipid-lowering properties, exert(More)