Nicole A. Mortier

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Early manifestations of sickle nephropathy include glomerular hyperfiltration and proteinuria, typically microalbuminuria. Over time, a subset of patients develops histologic changes, decreased glomerular filtration, and ultimately renal failure. This study was designed to determine the rate of glomerular hyperfiltration and prevalence of albuminuria in a(More)
Hydroxyurea improves hematologic parameters for children with sickle cell disease (SCD), but its long-term efficacy at maximum tolerated dose (MTD) has not been determined. Between 1995 and 2002, hydroxyurea therapy was initiated for 122 pediatric patients with SCD including 106 with homozygous sickle cell anemia (HbSS), 7 with sickle hemoglobin C (HbSC), 7(More)
Stroke is a devastating complication of sickle cell anemia (SCA), affecting 5% to 10% of patients before adulthood. Several candidate genetic polymorphisms have been proposed to affect stroke risk, but few have been validated, mainly because previous studies were hampered by relatively small sample sizes and the absence of additional patient cohorts for(More)
Hydroxyurea therapy has proven laboratory and clinical efficacies for children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). When administered at maximum tolerated dose (MTD), hydroxyurea increases fetal hemoglobin (HbF) to levels ranging from 10% to 40%. However, interpatient variability of percentage of HbF (%HbF) response is high, MTD itself is variable, and accurate(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxyurea improves laboratory parameters and prevents acute clinical complications of sickle cell anemia (SCA) in children and adults, but its effects on organ function remain incompletely defined. METHODS To assess the safety and efficacy of hydroxyurea in young children with SCA and to prospectively assess kidney and brain function, 14(More)
Hydroxyurea has been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of sickle cell anemia (SCA), primarily through the induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). However, the exact mechanisms by which hydroxyurea can induce HbF remain incompletely defined, although direct transcriptional effects and altered cell cycle kinetics have been proposed. In this study, we(More)
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a severe debilitating haematological disorder associated with a high degree of morbidity and mortality. The level of fetal haemoglobin (HbF) is well-recognized as a critical laboratory parameter: lower HbF is associated with a higher risk of vaso-occlusive complications, organ damage, and early death. Hydroxycarbamide treatment(More)
Acute splenic sequestration crisis (ASSC) is a hematological emergency in young children with sickle cell disease (SCD), characterized by worsening anemia and splenomegaly, usually with reticulocytosis and thrombocytopenia. Transient aplastic crisis (TAC) due to parvovirus B19 infection occurs in older children with SCD, and typically manifests as worsening(More)
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies, most frequently of the IgG isotype, directed against erythrocyte surface antigens. The direct antiglobulin test (DAT) is the critical laboratory test for the diagnosis of AIHA, but is negative in 3-11% of cases. In these cases of DAT negative AIHA, a wider spectrum of(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an important cause of hemolytic anemia worldwide. Severely affected patients have chronic hemolysis with exacerbations following oxidative stress. Mutations causing severe chronic non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA) commonly cluster in Exon 10, a region important for protein dimerization. An(More)