Nicole A. Kratochwil

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Trace amines are endogenous compounds structurally related to classical biogenic amines that have been studied for decades, triggered by their link to psychiatric conditions of high epidemiological and economical relevance. The understanding of their pharmacology on the molecular level was hampered until the recent discovery of trace-amine-specific(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) 5 is a G-protein-coupled metabotropic glutamate receptor that plays an important role as a modulator of synaptic plasticity, ion channel activity, and excitotoxicity. 2-Methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) is a highly potent, noncompetitive, selective, and systemically active antagonist of mGlu5 receptors. It binds to a(More)
A model of the rmGlu1 seven-transmembrane domain complexed with a negative allosteric modulator, 1-ethyl-2-methyl-6-oxo-4-(1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-benzo[d]azepin-3-yl)- 1,6-dihydro-pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile (EM-TBPC) was constructed. Although the mGlu receptors belong to the family 3 G-protein-coupled receptors with a low primary sequence similarity to(More)
Several mutations in the seven-transmembrane region of rat metabotropic glutamate 5 (rmGlu5) receptors were produced by site-directed mutagenesis and expressed in CHO cells. Using functional intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) mobilisation, we identified amino acids implicated in the positive allosteric modulation of quisqualate-induced response by(More)
In spite of the large amount of plasma protein binding data for drugs, it is not obvious and there is no clear consensus among different disciplines how to deal with this parameter in multidimensional lead optimization strategies. In this work, we have made a comprehensive study on the importance of plasma protein binding and the influencing factors in(More)
Fenobam [N-(3-chlorophenyl)-N'-(4,5-dihydro-1-methyl-4-oxo-1H-imidazole-2-yl)urea], a clinically validated non-benzodiazepine anxiolytic, has been shown to be a potent and non-competitive metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)-5 receptor antagonist. In the present study, we have used the site-directed mutagenesis coupled with three-dimensional receptor-based(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) share a common architecture consisting of seven transmembrane (TM) domains. Various lines of evidence suggest that this fold provides a generic binding pocket within the TM region for hosting agonists, antagonists, and allosteric modulators. Here, a comprehensive and automated method allowing fast analysis and comparison(More)
The feasibility of photolyzing the Pt(IV) complex trans,cis-[PtCl2I2(en)] to cytotoxic species by visible light was evaluated. The synthesis of trans, cis-[PtCl2I2(en)] was achieved by the oxidation of [PtI2(en)] with PCl5 in tetrahydrofuran at room temperature for 30 min in the dark. The UV-Vis spectrum of trans, cis-[PtCl2I2(en)] in water showed a broad(More)
Differences in sweet taste perception among species depend on structural variations of the sweet taste receptor. The commercially used isovanillyl sweetener neohesperidin dihydrochalcone activates the human but not the rat sweet receptor TAS1R2+TAS1R3. Analysis of interspecies combinations and chimeras of rat and human TAS1R2+TAS1R3 suggested that the(More)