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The objective was to develop tools for automating the identification of bony structures, to assess the reliability of this technique against manual raters, and to validate the resulting regions of interest against physical surface scans obtained from the same specimen. Artificial intelligence-based algorithms have been used for image segmentation,(More)
To examine the validity of manually defined bony regions of interest from computed tomography (CT) scans. Segmentation measurements were performed on the coronal reformatted CT images of the three phalanx bones of the index finger from five cadaveric specimens. Two smoothing algorithms (image-based and Laplacian surface-based) were evaluated to determine(More)
Finite element (FE) analysis is a valuable tool in musculoskeletal research. The demands associated with mesh development, however, often prove daunting. In an effort to facilitate anatomic FE model development we have developed an open-source software toolkit (IA-FEMesh). IA-FEMesh employs a multiblock meshing scheme aimed at hexahedral mesh generation. An(More)
STUDY DESIGN A biomechanical study comparing arthroplasty with fusion using human cadaveric C2-T1 spines. OBJECTIVE To compare the kinematics of the cervical spine after arthroplasty and fusion using single level, 2 level and hybrid constructs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Previous studies have shown that spinal levels adjacent to a fusion experience(More)
STUDY DESIGN An in vitro investigation of the biomechanics of the intact and destabilized sheep cervical spine. OBJECTIVE To establish the primary and coupled behaviors of the sheep cervical spine, levels C2-C7. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Sheep spine models are often used as a precursor to human cadaveric and clinical trials. Several studies have(More)
Medical imaging technologies have allowed for in vivo exploration and evaluation of the human musculoskeletal system. Three-dimensional bone models generated using image-segmentation techniques provide a means to optimize individualized orthopedic surgical procedures using engineering analyses. However, many of the current segmentation techniques are not(More)
We have developed a method for acquiring multiple tomographic subtraction images using a rapid, repetitive, circular tomographic motion. The method combines the principles of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and electronic tomosynthesis. Fifteen patients were examined with the technique using single intravenous bolus injections of contrast material.(More)
Musculoskeletal finite element (FE) analysis is an invaluable tool in orthopaedic research. Unfortunately, the demands that accompany anatomic mesh development often limit its utility. To ease the burden of mesh development and to address the need for subject-specific analysis, we developed IA-FEMesh, a user-friendly toolkit for generating hexahedral FE(More)
STUDY DESIGN/SETTING Randomized, controlled study in a laboratory setting. Blinded observations/assessment of study outcomes. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to determine the performance characteristics of a novel silicate-substituted hydroxyapatite bone graft substitute (BGS), SiCaP EP (Baxter Healthcare/ ApaTech, Elstree, UK), in a stand-alone(More)
BACKGROUND The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is the most frequently injured soft tissue structure following acute lateral patellar dislocation. MPFL reconstruction has become a popular option to restore patellar stability following lateral patellar dislocation due to the high incidence of recurrent instability following conservative management.(More)