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The stroma reaction has an important role in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. In various invasive human carcinomas, as well as in a mouse model for tumor invasion, transcripts encoding the transcription factor c-Ets1 were detected within stromal fibroblasts, whereas they were absent in epithelial tumor cells. This expression of c-Ets1 was often(More)
The relative distribution pattern of the pan-endocrine marker Chromogranin A (Chr A) and the proliferation-associated Ki-67 antigen was investigated in 20 prospectively sampled prostatectomy specimens. In cryostat sections, the Chr A immunoreactivity showed evidence of endocrine differentiation in all 15 prostatic adenocarcinomas. Nine tumors displayed a(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical Stage I of nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT) is inaccurate in 30% of patients. In previous studies on tumor biologic risk factors, low tumor proliferation rates predicted a group of patients at low risk for occult metastatic disease. The goal of this study was to confirm the immunohistochemical assessment of tumor(More)
The c-ets1 proteins are transcriptional activators expressed within endothelial cells during blood vessel development in chick embryos. The authors show by in situ hybridization that c-ets1 is transcribed in the endothelia during angiogenesis in human embryos, in granulation tissue, and especially during tumor vascularization. c-ets1 mRNAs were also(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to examine fetal male germ cells for expression of proteins associated with differentiation and maturation and to compare them with morphologically defined subpopulations. METHODS Testes of 61 fetuses from week 12 of gestation to the newborn period were selected. Immunohistochemistry was performed using(More)
 Since the work of Judah Folkman in the 1970s demonstrating the importance of vascularization on tumour growth the many roles played by tumour stroma have been demonstrated. Vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor appears to be the main in vivo inducer of both stromal blood vessels and other components of the tumour stroma. Its(More)
PURPOSE Our study was designed to evaluate promoter CpG island hypermethylation in the diagnosis and prognosis of prostate cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Primary prostate cancers from 53 patients, pelvic lymph nodes, noncancerous prostate tissues, and prostate cell lines were analyzed. Real-time methylation-specific PCR was used to identify CpG island(More)
Urothelial carcinoma is a rare type of prostatic carcinoma which as a rule bears an unfavourable prognosis. In our material it comprises 4.5% of all prostatic carcinomas. It can occur isolated in the prostate as well as in connection with a urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder, which may have directly infiltrated the prostate. Almost one-third of our(More)
BACKGROUND Excess advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are formed during renal failure, and AGE formation also may be connected with the high glucose concentration of peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids. To determine the effect of human peritoneal mesothelial cell (HPMC) exposure to glycated proteins, we studied the HPMC receptor of AGE expression (RAGE), and(More)
The first steps of stroma generation are of pivotal importance for carcinogenesis because at this stage are initiated both angiogenesis, the prerequisite for continuous tumour growth, and the proliferation of stromal fibroblasts. These developments contribute to the onset of tumour invasion by secreting several matrix-degrading proteases. Both angiogenesis(More)