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INTRODUCTION Previous animal studies reported that platelet count (PC) is decreased following decompression. Adherence and aggregation of platelets to the bubble surface has been demonstrated in severe decompression sickness (DCS). The present study was designed to clarify the relationship between post-dive platelet levels and the severity of DCS in a rat(More)
Decompression sickness (DCS) with alterations in coagulation system and formation of platelet thrombi occurs when a subject is subjected to a reduction in environmental pressure. Blood platelet consumption after decompression is clearly linked to bubble formation in humans and offers an index for evaluating DCS severity in animal models. Previous studies(More)
Nitrogen supersaturation and bubble formation can occur in the vascular system after diving, leading to death and nervous disorders from decompression sickness (DCS). Bubbles alter the vascular endothelium, activate platelets, and lead to focal ischemia with neurological damage mediated by the mechanosensitive TREK-1 neuronal potassium ion channel that sets(More)
Exposure to nitrogen-oxygen mixture at high pressure induces narcosis, which can be considered as a first step toward general anaesthesia. Narcotic potencies of inert gases are attributed to their lipid solubility. Nitrogen narcosis induces cognitive and motor disturbances that occur from 0.3 MPa in man and from 1 MPa in rats. Neurochemical studies(More)
Previous neurochemical studies performed in rats have revealed a decrease of striatal dopamine and glutamate induced by inert gas narcosis. We sought to establish the hypothetical role of glutamate and its main receptor, the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, in this syndrome. We aimed to counteract the nitrogen narcosis-induced glutamate and dopamine(More)
Previous microdialysis studies performed in rats have revealed a decrease of striatal dopamine and glutamate induced by nitrogen narcosis. We sought to establish the hypothetical role of the glutamatergic corticostriatal pathway because of the glutamate deficiency which occurs in the basal ganglia in this hyperbaric syndrome. Retrodialysis with 1 mM of(More)
Nervous disorders may occur after an organism is saturated with inert gases, which may alter the lipid bilayer structure, according to their liposolubility coefficient. Increase in the nitrogen partial pressure induces a neurological syndrome called 'nitrogen narcosis'. By contrast, high pressures of helium induce epilepsy, an high-pressure nervous syndrome(More)
Previous studies have observed that a single bout of exercise can reduce the formation of circulating bubbles on decompression but, according to different authors, several hours delay were considered necessary between the end of exercise and the beginning of the dive. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a single bout of exercise taken(More)
We have investigated perforin and granzyme B expression in graft-infiltrating lymphocytes of patients who underwent heart transplantation. Those proteins are commonly present in the cytoplasmic granules of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and are released upon effector-target cell interaction. From 28 patients 103 endomyocardial biopsies were obtained and examined(More)
Vascular bubble formation after decompression contributes to endothelial injuries which form the basis for the development of decompression sickness (DCS). Nitric oxide (NO) is a powerful vasodilator that contributes to vessel homeostasis. It has been shown that NO-releasing agent may reduce bubble formation and prevent serious decompression sickness. The(More)