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BACKGROUND Obesity is an increasing concern in the United States. Effective prevention of obesity requires the risk factors to be well defined. African Americans have a high risk of obesity. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify risk factors, present at birth, for increased adiposity in adulthood in an African American population. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine two separate socioeconomic status (SES) indicators of obesity in Botswana, an African country that has experienced rapid economic development and where the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome is high. METHODS We conducted a nationally representative,(More)
BACKGROUND The earliest determinants of obesity may operate during intrauterine life, and gestational weight gain may influence the intrauterine environment in a way that may affect the risk of overweight in the offspring. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the association of gestational weight gain with offspring overweight. DESIGN This(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a rapid rate of weight gain in early infancy is associated with overweight status in childhood. DESIGN Prospective, cohort study from birth to age 7 years. SETTING Twelve sites across the United States. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-seven thousand, eight hundred ninety-nine (27 899) eligible participants born at full term between(More)
Since the American Heart Association last presented nutrition guidelines for children, significant changes have occurred in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and nutrition behaviors in children. Overweight has increased, whereas saturated fat and cholesterol intake have decreased, at least as percentage of total caloric intake. Better(More)
Childhood obesity is associated with biologic and behavioral characteristics that may impact bone mineral density (BMD) and structure. The objective was to determine the association between obesity and bone outcomes, independent of sexual and skeletal maturity, muscle area and strength, physical activity, calcium intake, biomarkers of inflammation, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare parental feeding practices and evaluate their relationship to weight status among children with Down syndrome (DS) and their unaffected siblings. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study of sibling pairs, one child with DS (n = 36) and one child without DS (n = 36), between 3 and 10 years of age. Parents completed the Child Feeding(More)
PURPOSE To describe physical activity (PA) patterns in children with Down syndrome (DS) compared to their unaffected siblings. METHODS Children with DS (n = 28) and their siblings (n = 30), between 3-10-years (mean +/- SD 7.1 +/- 2.1 years) participated in a nutrition and growth study. PA was measured over 7 days using accelerometers. RESULTS Children(More)
The aim of the present study was to measure the changes in resting energy expenditure (REE) induced by malaria and to assess to what extent they are related to fever and nutritional status. The REE of 19 Gambian children (mean age +/- SEM, 9 +/- 1 y; weight, 24 +/- 2 kg; expected weight for height 86 +/- 1%) were measured with a hood system at repeated(More)
Since the American Heart Association last presented nutrition guidelines for children, significant changes have occurred in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and nutrition behaviors in children. Overweight has increased, whereas saturated fat and cholesterol intake have decreased, at least as percentage of total caloric intake. Better(More)