Nicolas Simon

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Human multidrug resistance-related protein 2 (MRP2, encoded by ABCC2) is involved in the transport of anionic drugs such as methotrexate (MTX). We prospectively investigated the influence of four common ABCC2 genetic variants (rs717620, rs2273697, rs8187694 and rs8187710) on MTX pharmacokinetics parameters. MTX concentrations were monitored in 50 patients(More)
INTRODUCTION New antipsychotics continuously arrive on the market, which thereby influences the approved and off-label prescribing (OLP) schemes. We aimed to identify the recent trends in the OLP of antipsychotics. We conducted a literature review based on three different populations: adult, pediatric, and elderly patients. METHODS A literature search was(More)
The existence of circadian rhythms and their implication in many pathologic processes have been underlined in several diseases but have not been evaluated in Parkinson's disease. The aim of this paper is to review diurnal variations of clinical, biologic, or experimental factors described with Parkinson's disease. Clinical data often report daily(More)
Thiopental monitoring was performed in 95 critically ill patients hospitalized for neurologic damage, High-dose thiopental was infused during long-term treatment. Total dose of 333 +/- 144 mg/kg (449 +/- 185 mg/kg for females and 302 +/- 113 mg/kg for men) were given in 125 +/- 43 hours. Plasma concentration-time data were analyzed according to a population(More)
AIMS To investigate the population pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in critically ill patients suffering from sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. METHODS Blood samples were collected at preselected times in 54 adult patients suffering from sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock in order to determine ceftriaxone concentrations using high-performance(More)
Despite nearly five decades of clinical use, vancomycin has retained a significant and uncontested niche in the antibacterial arsenal because of its consistent activity against almost all Gram-positive bacteria. Nevertheless, major vancomycin toxicities have been reported in the literature - in particular, nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. Vancomycin(More)
This study describes for the first time the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling of the psychomotor and amnesic effects of a single 2-mg oral dose of lorazepam in healthy volunteers. Twelve healthy volunteers were included in this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled two-way crossover study. The effect of lorazepam was examined for a(More)
Temporal variation in the motor function of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suggests the potential importance of a chronobiological and chronopharmacological approach in its clinical management. We previously documented the effects of striatal injection of 6-OHDA (as an animal model of PD) on the circadian rhythms of temperature (T), heart rate (HR), and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE On the basis of in vitro studies indicating that ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inducer and a pregnane X receptor activator and because the pregnane X receptor is a transcriptional regulator of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1)/P-glycoprotein (P-gp), we postulated that UDCA might decrease the bioavailability(More)
BACKGROUND Multiaccess infusion sets allow multiple simultaneous infusions but may induce interference in drug delivery resulting from large variations in the delivery rate of potent drugs. In this study, we sought to understand the influence of multiaccess infusion device properties (dead space volume and antireflux valve [ARV]) on drug delivery during(More)