Nicolas Segal

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Purpose To determine the in vivo effects of several particulate steroids on microvascular perfusion by using intravital microscopy in a mice model and to investigate the in vitro interactions between these particulate steroids and red blood cells (RBCs). Materials and Methods The study was conducted in agreement with the guidelines of the National Committee(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY We investigated the effects of ischemic postconditioning (IPC) with and without cardioprotective vasodilatory therapy (CVT) at the initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on cardio-cerebral function and 48-h survival. METHODS Prospective randomized animal study. Following 15 min of ventricular fibrillation, 42 Yorkshire farm(More)
OBJECTIVE A multipronged approach to improve vital organ perfusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation that includes sodium nitroprusside, active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation, an impedance threshold device, and abdominal pressure (sodium nitroprusside-enhanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation) has been recently shown to increase(More)
OBJECTIVE Supraglottic airway devices (SGDs) are often used as an alternative to endotracheal tube (ETT) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). SGDs can be inserted 'blindly' and rapidly, without stopping compressions. These devices utilize pressurized balloons to direct air to the trachea and prevent esophagus insufflation. We hypothesize that the use(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examines the effects of IV epinephrine administration on carotid blood flow (CBF) and end tidal CO(2) (ETCO(2)) production in a swine model of active compression-decompression CPR with an impedance threshold device (ACD-CPR+ITD). METHODS Six female swine (32 ± 1 kg) were anesthetized, intubated and ventilated. Intracranial, thoracic(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) is a novel, noninvasive therapy intended to increase cardiac output and blood pressure in hypotensive states by generating a negative end expiratory pressure of -12 cm H2O between positive pressure ventilations. In this first feasibility case-series, we tested the hypothesis that IPR improves End(More)
BACKGROUND The main objective of this study was to compare the volume of gas insufflated in the stomach with continuous external chest compressions plus continuous oxygen insufflation (C-CPR) versus standard-CPR (S-CPR) which alternates external chest compressions and synchronized positive insufflations through a bag-valve-mask with a 30/2 ratio. The(More)
OBJECTIVES Ischemic postconditioning (PC) with "stuttering" reintroduction of blood flow after prolonged ischemia has been shown to offer protection from ischemia reperfusion injury to the myocardium and brain. We hypothesized that four 20-s pauses during the first 3 min of standard CPR would improve post resuscitation cardiac and neurological function, in(More)
OBJECTIVE Ischemic postconditioning (stutter CPR) and sevoflurane have been shown to mitigate the effects of reperfusion injury in cardiac tissue after 15min of ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest. Poloxamer 188 (P188) has also proven beneficial to neuronal and cardiac tissue during reperfusion injury in human and animal models. We hypothesized(More)