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Intelligent Transportation Systems need methods to automatically monitor the road traffic, and especially track vehicles. Most research has concentrated on highways. Traffic in intersections is more variable, with multiple entrance and exit regions. This paper describes an extension to intersections of the feature-tracking algorithm described in [1].(More)
This work aims at addressing the many problems that have hindered the development of vision-based systems for automated road safety analysis. The approach relies on traffic conflicts used as surrogates for collision data. Traffic conflicts are identified by computing the collision probability for any two road users in an interaction. A complete system is(More)
In general, the problem of change detection is studied in color space. Most proposed methods aim at dynamically finding the best color thresholds to detect moving objects against a background model. Background models are often complex to handle noise affecting pixels. Because the pixels are considered individually, some changes cannot be detected because it(More)
Road collisions represent deplorable human and financial costs to society. Although some progress has been made, a renewed effort is necessary to tackle this growing worldwide issue. This paper advocates the development of proactive methods for road safety analysis that do not depend on the occurrence of collisions. In particular, collecting and analyzing(More)
The importance of reducing the social and economic costs associated with traffic collisions can not be over-stated. The first goal of this research is to develop a method for automated road safety analysis using video sensors in order to address the problem of a dependency on the deteriorating collision data. The method will automate the extraction of(More)
We present a novel approach to background subtraction that is based on the local shape of small image regions. In our approach, an image region centered on a pixel is mod-eled using the local self-similarity descriptor. We aim at obtaining a reliable change detection based on local shape change in an image when foreground objects are moving. The method(More)
1 Traditional road safety diagnosis is a reactive approach, based on historical collision data. This work aims at developing a proactive approach which avoids waiting for accidents to happen. There is a need for surrogate safety measures that can also provide complementary information and are easy to collect, e.g. requiring shorter observation periods. The(More)
In this paper, we study the problem of detecting and tracking multiple objects of various types in outdoor urban traffic scenes. This problem is especially challenging due to the large variation of road user appearances. To handle that variation, our system uses background subtraction to detect moving objects. In order to build the object tracks, an object(More)