Nicolas Rochereau

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Mucosal surfaces are the major entrance for infectious pathogens and therefore mucosal immune responses serve as a first line of defence. Most current immunization procedures are obtained by parenteral injection and only few vaccines are administered by mucosal route, because of its low efficiency. However, targeting of mucosal compartments to induce(More)
Intestinal microfold (M) cells possess a high transcytosis capacity and are able to transport a broad range of materials including particulate antigens, soluble macromolecules, and pathogens from the intestinal lumen to inductive sites of the mucosal immune system. M cells are also the primary pathway for delivery of secretory IgA (SIgA) to the(More)
Peyer's patch have been extensively studied as a major inductive site for mucosal immunity within the small intestine. The intestinal mucosa contains numerous dendritic cells, which induce either protective immunity to infectious agents or tolerance to innocuous antigens, including food and commensal bacteria. Although during the past few years, several(More)
BACKGROUND The development of mucosal vaccines is crucial to efficiently control infectious agents for which mucosae are the primary site of entry. Major drawbacks of these protective strategies are the lack of effective mucosal adjuvant. Synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides that contain several unmethylated cytosine-guanine dinucleotide (CpG-ODN) motifs are now(More)
Most successful vaccines are able to induce persistent antibody responses that can last a lifetime. Emerging evidences indicate that activation of immune cells through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) or Nod-like receptors (NLRs) may be critical mechanisms. Among PRRs, the use of TLR ligands as adjuvants is already(More)
Mucosal immunization is designed to induce strong immune responses at portal of pathogen entry. Unfortunately, mechanisms underlying the fate of the vaccine vector co-administered with antigens are still partially uncovered and limit further development of mucosal vaccines. Hence, poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles being a versatile vaccine vehicle, we(More)
Mucosal surfaces are a major portal of entry for many pathogens that are the cause of infectious diseases. Therefore, effective vaccines that induce a protective immune response at these sites are much needed. However, despite early success with the live attenuated oral polio vaccine over 50 years ago, only a few new mucosal vaccines have been subsequently(More)
This preliminary study was performed to assess the neutralization activity of anti-MPER-secretory IgA (SIgA) from parotid saliva in 88 HIV+ patients, in five exposed seronegative (ESN) and in five seronegative volunteers. 48.9% of the HIV+ patients and 100% of ESN patients showed antigp41 SIgA. 25.6% of anti-MPER SIgA from HIV+ patients and 100% from ESN(More)
BACKGROUND Transmission of mucosal pathogens relies on their ability to bind to the surfaces of epithelial cells, to cross this thin barrier, and to gain access to target cells and tissues, leading to systemic infection. This implies that pathogen-specific immunity at mucosal sites is critical for the control of infectious agents using these routes to enter(More)
HIV transmission and spread in the host are based on the survival of the virus or infected cells present in mucosal secretions, and the virus' ability to cross the epithelial barrier and access immune target cells, which leads to systemic infection. Therefore, HIV-specific immunity at mucosal sites is critical for control of infection. Although mucosal(More)