Nicolas Poupard

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Heparanase is an endo-β-D-glucuronidase that plays an important role in cancer progression, in particular during tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. Inhibiting this enzyme is considered as one of the most promising approaches in cancer therapy. Heparin is a complex glycoaminoglycan known as a strong inhibitor of heparanase. It is primarily used in clinical(More)
Strongly associated with tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, the enzyme heparanase is an endo-β-d-glucuronidase which is overexpressed in the tumor microenvironment. Its inhibition could be one of the most promising anti-angiogenic approaches to date. Although heparin is known as a good heparanase inhibitor, it also possesses major anticoagulant properties(More)
Heparanase is overexpressed by tumor cells and degrades the extracellular matrix proteoglycans through cleavage of heparan sulfates (HS), allowing pro-angiogenic factor release and thus playing a key role in tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. Here we propose new HS analogs as potent heparanase inhibitors: Heparin as a positive control, Dextran Sulfate,(More)
Unfractionated heparin (UFH) and low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) are well-known for their anticoagulant properties. There is also currently a growing interest in using LMWH in targeted cancer therapy. In particular, several types inhibit heparanase, a key enzyme overexpressed in the tumor microenvironment that promotes angiogenesis progression and(More)
The microenvironment that surrounds tumor cells is characterized by hypoxic conditions and extracellular acidity. These hostile conditions induce crucial changes in cell behavior and can promote the secretion of many soluble factors such as growth factors, cytokines and enzymes. The lysosomal aspartyl-endopeptidase cathepsin D (CD) is a marker of poor(More)
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