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BACKGROUND Type I and II inosine monophosphate dehydrogenases (IMPDH) are the targets of mycophenolic acid (MPA), a widely used immunosuppressant. The aims of this study were: to check the presence of controversial polymorphisms in the IMPDH II gene; to look for new ones; and to investigate potential associations between the most frequent SNPs in both IMPDH(More)
Given a point set in N 2, its envelope is defined as a contour line of the density of points with a given proportion of the points excluded. Three methods are presented and compared to estimate the envelope: one is based on Voronoi tessellation, the second on a nonparametric density estimation, and the third approach is parametric. The proposed techniques(More)
Tubulo-interstitial fibrosis is a constant feature of chronic renal failure and it is suspected to contribute importantly to the deterioration of renal function. In the fibrotic kidney there exists, besides normal fibroblasts, a large population of myofibroblasts, which are supposedly responsible for the increased production of intercellular matrix. It has(More)
Mutations of SLC26A4 are a common cause of human hearing loss associated with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct. SLC26A4 encodes pendrin, an anion exchanger expressed in a variety of epithelial cells in the cochlea, the vestibular labyrinth and the endolymphatic sac. Slc26a4 (Δ/Δ) mice are devoid of pendrin and develop a severe enlargement of the(More)
1. Regional above-ground biomass estimates for tropical moist forests remain highly inaccurate mostly because they are based on extrapolations from a few plots scattered across a limited range of soils and other environmental conditions. When such conditions impact biomass, the estimation is biased. The effect of soil types on biomass has especially yielded(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the roles of the organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) OATP1A2, OATP1B1, and OATP1B3 and their genetic variants in the pharmacokinetics of the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Using OATP-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells, we measured the uptake of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and(More)
INTRODUCTION Immunosuppressive drugs have a narrow therapeutic range and large inter-individual response variability. This has prompted pharmacogenetic studies, mostly with regard to their dose-concentration relationships, but also about proteins involved in their pharmacodynamics. Some polymorphisms of genes involved in their disposition pathways were(More)
BACKGROUND CYP3A5 genotyping might be useful to guide tacrolimus and sirolimus dosing. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of CYP3A5 polymorphism on everolimus metabolism and pharmacokinetics. METHODS We investigated the effect of CYP3A5 6986A>G polymorphism (CYP3A5*1/*3 alleles) on the pharmacokinetics of everolimus in 28 renal transplant(More)
Sirolimus is an immunosuppressive drug currently used alone or in combination with cyclosporine. Both drugs undergo extensive metabolism by the CYP 3A enzymes. This study aimed at comparing the activity of recombinant CYP (rCYP) 3A4 and 3A5 toward sirolimus, investigating the effect of cyclosporine on the metabolic rate of these two cytochromes P450(More)