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Given a point set in N 2, its envelope is defined as a contour line of the density of points with a given proportion of the points excluded. Three methods are presented and compared to estimate the envelope: one is based on Voronoi tessellation, the second on a nonparametric density estimation, and the third approach is parametric. The proposed techniques(More)
Tubulo-interstitial fibrosis is a constant feature of chronic renal failure and it is suspected to contribute importantly to the deterioration of renal function. In the fibrotic kidney there exists, besides normal fibroblasts, a large population of myofibroblasts, which are supposedly responsible for the increased production of intercellular matrix. It has(More)
BACKGROUND CYP3A5 genotyping might be useful to guide tacrolimus and sirolimus dosing. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of CYP3A5 polymorphism on everolimus metabolism and pharmacokinetics. METHODS We investigated the effect of CYP3A5 6986A>G polymorphism (CYP3A5*1/*3 alleles) on the pharmacokinetics of everolimus in 28 renal transplant(More)
Large areas of African moist forests are being logged in the context of supposedly sustainable management plans. It remains however controversial whether harvesting a few trees per hectare can be maintained in the long term while preserving other forest services as well. We used a unique 24 year silvicultural experiment, encompassing 10 4 ha plots(More)
Mutations of SLC26A4 are a common cause of human hearing loss associated with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct. SLC26A4 encodes pendrin, an anion exchanger expressed in a variety of epithelial cells in the cochlea, the vestibular labyrinth and the endolymphatic sac. Slc26a4 (Δ/Δ) mice are devoid of pendrin and develop a severe enlargement of the(More)
Sodium absorption by the distal part of the nephron, i.e., the distal convoluted tubule, the connecting tubule, and the collecting duct, plays a major role in the control of homeostasis by the kidney. In this part of the nephron, sodium transport can either be electroneutral or electrogenic. The study of electrogenic Na+ absorption, which is mediated by the(More)
During a study on the mTor pathway in the rat kidney we observed a striking increase of the phosphorylation of the S6 kinase in mitosis. In cryostat sections of perfusion-fixed tissue mitotic cells appeared as bright spots in immunofluorescence using an antibody specific for the phosphorylation site Thr421/Ser424. They were easily spotted in overviews with(More)
Improving the precision of forest biomass estimates requires prioritizing the different sources of errors. In a tropical moist forest in central Africa, the choice of the allometric equation was found to be the main source of error. When estimating the forest biomass at the landscape level using forest inventory data and allometric models, there is a chain(More)
BACKGROUND The mammalian target of rapamycin (m-TOR) inhibitor sirolimus is an immunosuppressive drug used in kidney transplantation. m-TOR binds with Raptor and phosphorylates p70S6 kinase, a protein involved in numerous cell signalling pathways. We examined the association of candidate polymorphisms in m-TOR, Raptor and p70S6K, sirolimus dose and(More)
INTRODUCTION Immunosuppressive drugs have a narrow therapeutic range and large inter-individual response variability. This has prompted pharmacogenetic studies, mostly with regard to their dose-concentration relationships, but also about proteins involved in their pharmacodynamics. Some polymorphisms of genes involved in their disposition pathways were(More)