Nicolas Picard

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Mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite of the immunosuppressant mycophenolate mofetil is primarily metabolized by glucuronidation. The nature of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) involved in this pathway is still debated. The present study aimed at identifying unambiguously the UGT isoforms involved in the production of MPA-phenyl-glucuronide(More)
AIM To study the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) linked to inappropriate medication (IM) use in elderly people admitted to an acute medical geriatric unit. METHODS All the elderly people aged > or = 70 years admitted to the acute medical geriatric unit of Limoges University hospital (France) over a 49-month period were included, whatever their(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the roles of the organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) OATP1A2, OATP1B1, and OATP1B3 and their genetic variants in the pharmacokinetics of the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Using OATP-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells, we measured the uptake of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and(More)
We investigated the proliferative capacity of renal proximal tubular cells in healthy rats. Previously, we observed that tubular cells originate from differentiated cells. We now found 1) by application of bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) for 14 days and costaining for BrdU, and the G(1)-phase marker cyclin D1 that the bulk of cells in the S3 segment of juvenile(More)
Buprenorphine (BUP) is a synthetic derivative of the morphine alkaloid thebaine. BUP is metabolized by N-dealkylation to form the active metabolite nor-buprenorphine (Nor-BUP), and both undergo subsequent glucuronidation. Although BUP has been used clinically for years, its metabolism has still not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to clarify(More)
The impact of human activities on size class distribution and spatial distribution of Vitellaria paradoxa (karité or shea butter tree) in the parklands of sub-Saharan Africa has not been reported in the literature. Two sites (Koumantou and Mperesso) in southern Mali and three treatments (cultivated field, fallow and forest) per site were involved in the(More)
BACKGROUND CYP3A5 genotyping might be useful to guide tacrolimus and sirolimus dosing. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of CYP3A5 polymorphism on everolimus metabolism and pharmacokinetics. METHODS We investigated the effect of CYP3A5 6986A>G polymorphism (CYP3A5*1/*3 alleles) on the pharmacokinetics of everolimus in 28 renal transplant(More)
Renal phosphate reabsorption across the brush border membrane (BBM) in the proximal tubule is mediated by at least three transporters, NaPi-IIa (SLC34A1), NaPi-IIc (SLC34A3), and Pit-2 (SLC20A2). Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a potent phosphaturic factor exerting an acute and chronic reduction in proximal tubule phosphate reabsorption. PTH acutely induces(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 5 (TRPV5) channel determines urinary Ca(2+) excretion, and is therefore critical for Ca(2+) homeostasis. Interestingly, mice lacking the serine protease tissue kallikrein (TK) exhibit robust hypercalciuria comparable to the Ca(2+) leak in TRPV5 knockout mice. Here, we delineated the molecular mechanism through(More)
Forty-one shea tree populations were sampled, spanning the main climatic zones of Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. in Mali and 10–35 adult trees were chosen randomly in the agroforestry parklands of each area. A total of 12 morphological traits, related to tree morphology, fruit size and leaf form were measured. The variance components showed that variation(More)