Nicolas Pallet

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Despite recent improvement, significant racial disparities in outcome still persist after renal transplantation among African American patients in the United States. This study evaluated the association of race and ethnicity with allograft outcomes in a French population of 952 Caucasian (Cauc) patients and 140 African European (AE) patients who underwent(More)
Erythropoietin promotes nephroprotection in animal models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Neorecormon and Prevention of Delayed Graft Function (Neo-PDGF) is a French open-label multicenter randomized study to evaluate the effect of high doses of epoetin beta (EPO-beta) during the first 2 weeks of renal transplantation on renal function in patients at risk(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which cyclosporine induces chronic nephrotoxicity remain poorly understood. A previous transcriptomic study suggested that cyclosporine might induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in human tubular cells. The aim of the present study was to characterize the features of tubular ER stress induced by cyclosporine and to(More)
The renal epithelium contributes to the development of inflammation during ischemic injury. Ischemia induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activates the unfolded protein response (UPR). Ischemic tissues generate distress signals and inflammation that activates fibrogenesis and may promote adaptive immunity. Interestingly, the UPR may activate(More)
A major side effect of the powerful immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine (CsA) is the development of a chronic nephrotoxicity whose mechanisms are not fully understood. Recent data suggest that tubular cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of chronic nephropathies. We have shown that CsA is responsible for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in tubular(More)
Currently, a non-invasive method to estimate the degree of interstitial fibrosis (IF) in chronic kidney disease is not available in routine. The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the measurement of urinary low molecular weight (LMW) protein concentrations as a method to determine the extent of IF. The urines specimen from 162(More)
Cyclosporine nephrotoxicity remains a major side effect in solid organ transplantation, and can be exacerbated by concomitant administration of sirolimus. Cyclosporine and sirolimus are P-glycoprotein (Pgp) substrates. We hypothesized that the Pgp activity level may affect cyclosporine cytotoxicity by interfering with the ability of Pgp to remove(More)
Persistence of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) associated with antibody-mediated graft injuries following kidney transplantation predicts evolution toward chronic humoral rejection and reduced graft survival. Targeting plasma cells, the main antibody-producing cells, with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib may be a promising desensitization(More)
Autophagy is a highly conserved process that degrades cellular long-lived proteins and organelles. Accumulating evidence indicates that autophagy plays a critical role in kidney maintenance, diseases and aging. Ischemic, toxic, immunological, and oxidative insults can cause an induction of autophagy in renal epithelial cells modifying the course of various(More)
Autophagy degrades pathogens, altered organelles and protein aggregates, and is characterized by the sequestration of cytoplasmic cargos within double-membrane-limited vesicles called autophagosomes. The process is regulated by inputs from the cellular microenvironment, and is activated in response to nutrient scarcity and immune triggers, which signal(More)