Nicolas Navrot

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We provide here an exhaustive overview of the glutathione (GSH) peroxidase (Gpx) family of poplar (Populus trichocarpa). Although these proteins were initially defined as GSH dependent, in fact they use only reduced thioredoxin (Trx) for their regeneration and do not react with GSH or glutaredoxin, constituting a fifth class of peroxiredoxins. The two(More)
Thioredoxins are small proteins catalyzing thiol-disulfide interchange and are involved in the regulation of the redox environment of the cell. In plants, the thioredoxin system is particularly complex since at least 20 thioredoxin isoforms are found in the plant model Arabidopsis thaliana. Based upon primary sequence analysis and subcellular localization,(More)
The (seco)iridoids and their derivatives, the monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (MIAs), form two large families of plant-derived bioactive compounds with a wide spectrum of high-value pharmacological and insect-repellent activities. Vinblastine and vincristine, MIAs used as anticancer drugs, are produced by Catharanthus roseus in extremely low levels, leading(More)
Glutathione peroxidases (GPXs) are a group of enzymes that regulate the levels of reactive oxygen species in cells and tissues, and protect them against oxidative damage. Contrary to most of their counterparts in animal cells, the higher plant GPX homologues identified so far possess cysteine instead of selenocysteine in their active site. Interestingly,(More)
A single rabbit has been immunized with a mixture of six different proteins: green fluorescent protein, ferredoxin:NADP oxidoreductase, NADPH:thioredoxin reductase, thioredoxin f, fructose bisphosphatase and cyclophilin. Individual IgGs were re-purified from the serum through specific interaction on small columns generated by grafting the antigen on a(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) reduces disulfide bonds and play numerous important functions in plants. In cereal seeds, cytosolic h-type Trx facilitates the release of energy reserves during the germination process and is recycled by NADPH-dependent Trx reductase. This review presents a summary of the research conducted during the last 10 years to elucidate the(More)
The plant mitochondrial thioredoxin (Trx) system has been described as containing an NADPH-dependent Trx reductase and Trx o. In addition to the mitochondrial isoform, Trx o, plants are known to contain several chloroplastic Trx isoforms and the cytosolic Trx h isoforms. We report here the presence in plant mitochondria of a Trx isoform (PtTrxh2) belonging(More)
The annotation of the recently released Populus trichocarpa genome, has allowed us to characterize extensively the multigenic families of the redoxin proteins. Proteins with two cysteines separated by two amino acids (CxxC motif) are often involved in redox reactions by promoting the formation, reduction or isomerization of disulfide bonds or by binding(More)
Proteomics data have suggested ascorbate peroxidase (APX) to be a potential thioredoxin-interacting protein. Using recombinant enzymes, we observed that incubation of pea cytosolic APX with reduced poplar thioredoxins h drastically inactivated the peroxidase. A similar inactivation is induced by reduced glutathione and dithiothreitol, whereas diamide and(More)
Unlike other thioredoxins h characterized so far, a poplar thioredoxin of the h type, PtTrxh4, is reduced by glutathione and glutaredoxin (Grx) but not NADPH:thioredoxin reductase (NTR). PtTrxh4 contains three cysteines: one localized in an N-terminal extension (Cys(4)) and two (Cys(58) and Cys(61)) in the classical thioredoxin active site ((57)WCGPC(61)).(More)