Learn More
Passive samplers such as the Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (POCIS) are useful tools for monitoring trace levels of polar organic chemicals in aquatic environments. The use of performance reference compounds (PRC) spiked into the POCIS adsorbent for in situ calibration may improve the semiquantitative nature of water concentration estimates(More)
This work set out the laboratory calibration of the passive samplers such as polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCISs) which preconcentrate hydrophilic organic contaminants in aqueous medium. We compared the two different configurations available (i.e. pesticide and pharmaceutical POCISs) for sampling different classes of herbicides(More)
A 2-year study was implemented to characterize the contamination of estuarine continuums in the Bay of Vilaine area (NW Atlantic Coast, Southern Brittany, France) by 30 pesticide and biocide active substances and metabolites. Among these, 11 triazines (ametryn, atrazine, desethylatrazine, desethylterbuthylazine, desisopropyl atrazine, Irgarol 1051,(More)
The aim of this study is to propose an analytical method for determining different classes of pesticides in water using LC-ESI-MS/MS. Two techniques of field-sampling and analyte extraction were used: solid phase extraction (SPE) of water samples from active sampling and field exposure of Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers (POCIS). We have worked(More)
Acidic herbicides are increasingly monitored in freshwater, since their high solubility favors their rapid transfer to the water phase. Therefore, contaminant levels in the water can vary rapidly and passive sampling would be preferred over spot sampling to integrate all pollution events over a given exposure time. In this work, we propose to compare the(More)
A large-scale field survey was undertaken in the Neste system (South-West France) to investigate the impact of pesticide inputs on the structure of riverine benthic diatom communities. A total of 18 sites in the "Coteaux de Gascogne" study area were sampled during periods of pesticide use over two consecutive years (2005-2006). The typology of the diatoms(More)
This study was undertaken to develop molecular tools to assess water quality using diatoms as the biological model. Molecular approaches were designed following the development of a rapid and easy RNA extraction method suited to diatoms and the sequencing of genes involved in mitochondrial and photosystem metabolism. Secondly the impact of cadmium was(More)
Phospholipids are major components of bacterial membrane. Furthermore, the growth in vitro on xenobiotics such as n-alkanes, aromatic compounds or alkanols bring about to a bacterial membrane adaptive response. Concerning this work, we studied the membrane lipid composition of a hydrocarbon-degrading gram-positive bacterium (Corynebacterium sp.) on a(More)
Polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) are valuable tools in passive sampling methods for monitoring polar organic pesticides in freshwaters. Pesticides extracted from the environment using such methods can be used to toxicity tests. This study evaluated the acute effects of POCIS extracts on natural phototrophic biofilm communities. Our(More)
This study assessed the single and joint acute toxicity of diuron and two of its metabolites (DCPMU and 3,4-DCA) on natural phototrophic biofilms using a PICT approach with photosynthesis bioassays. River biofilm communities were collected at three sampling stations exhibiting increasing concentrations of diuron, DCPMU and 3,4-DCA from upstream to(More)