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With the rapid development of nanotechnology, there is an increasing risk of human and environmental exposure to nanotechnology-based materials. However, the data on the potential environmental effects of nanoparticles are scarce. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of particle size and crystal structure (anatase and rutile) of titanium dioxide on(More)
This study investigated the influence of uranium on the indigenous bacterial community structure in natural soils with high uranium content. Radioactive soil samples exhibiting 0.26% - 25.5% U in mass were analyzed and compared with nearby control soils containing trace uranium. EXAFS and XRD analyses of soils revealed the presence of U(VI) and(More)
The management of dredged sediments is a priority issue in the Mediterranean sea where sediments are historically polluted. The aims of this study were to evaluate the toxicity of port sediment samples and the effect of three mineral additives (hematite, zerovalent iron (ZVI) and natural zeolite (NZ)) on sediment elutriate toxicity. Four sediments (A, B, C(More)
The aim of this work is to study the performances of removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by three different oxy-hydroxides: hematite, goethite and alpha-alumina. Batch experiments were conducted to measure the effects on adsorption of Cr(VI) of different parameters such as pH of the medium, ionic strength, and initial concentration. Results(More)
The ecotoxicological effect of dredged sediments was estimated by embryo-larval toxicity of the oyster Crassosstrea gigas in sediment elutriates (filtered and unfiltered). The study covers the main ports from the French Mediterranean coast. Composted sediments from a navy harbour (A), a commercial port (B) and two composite specimens (C and D) obtained(More)
This work investigates the ecotoxicological evaluation of contaminated dredged sediments from French Mediterranean navy harbour (A), commercial port (B) and two composite specimens (C) and (D) coming from the mixture of A and B with other port sediments. The toxicity of elutriates from these sediments is estimated using embryo-toxicity test, Microtox® solid(More)
The aim of this work is to assess the potential ecotoxicological effects of contaminated sediments treated with mineral additives. The Microtox solid phase test was used to evaluate the effect of mineral additives on the toxicity of sediment suspensions. Four Mediterranean port sediments were studied after dredging and bioremediation: Sample A from navy(More)
Competition between selenium (IV) and silicic acid for the hematite (alpha-Fe(2)O(3)) surface has been studied during this work. Single batch experiments have been performed to study separately the sorption of selenium (IV) and silicic acid as a function of the pH. With the help of the 2-pK surface complexation model, experimental data have been fitted(More)
Sorption of selenium(IV) and silicic acid onto magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) was investigated in binary systems, with concentrations of silicic acid under the solubility limit of amorphous silica. Using the double diffuse layer model (DDLM), surface complexation constants of selenium(IV) and H(4)SiO(4) onto magnetite were extracted using Fiteql 4.0. Then,(More)
This work investigates arsenic mobility, bioavailability and toxicity in marine port sediments using chemical sequential extraction and laboratory toxicity tests. Sediment samples were collected from two different Mediterranean ports, one highly polluted with arsenic and other inorganic and organic pollutants (Estaque port (EST)), and the other one, less(More)