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Major differences were observed in hexane, ethanol and butanol extracts of eggs obtained from Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi females in which the porose areas functioned normally (AP+ eggs) and from R. evertsi evertsi in which the porose areas were selectively destroyed by electrocautery (AP- eggs). Mass yields and UV spectra of the hexane extracts were… (More)
The functional significance of some components of salivary glands and of their secretion and of haemolymph of Amblyomma hebraeum and other tick species is reviewed with respect to host responses at the attachment site, the survival of specific pathogens in the vector, the transmission of pathogens and immunological responses of the host to tick infestation.
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), otherwise termed 'endotoxins', are outer-membrane constituents of Gram-negative bacteria, and play a key role in the pathogenesis of 'Septic Shock', a major cause of mortality in the critically ill patient. We had previously defined the pharmacophore necessary for small molecules to specifically bind and neutralize this complex… (More)
Oligonucleotide DNA probes complementary to the hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA of Bacteroides forsythus were tested for their specificity and sensitivity against reference and clinical isolates of 73 different species of bacteria. The probes were used to detect the organism directly from nucleic acid extracts of subgingival plaque samples, and the… (More)
The isolation of Cowdria ruminantium by means of wheat germ lectin affinity chromatography as described in this paper permits the recovery of partially purified viable organisms under mild conditions in short time. These conclusions are based upon results of analyses of column fractions by intravenous inoculation into sheep, protein determination,… (More)
A procedure for immobilization of well-defined quantities of oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) to a versatile nylon support is described. The solid support, a nylon-6/6 bead, is covalently coated with poly(ethyleneimine) to provide a reactive spacer-arm for attachment of ODNs. 5'-Aminohexyl-tailed ODNs are selectively activated using… (More)
1. Egg-toxins from Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Boophilus microplus, Boophilus decoloratus and Hyalomma truncatum were found to be inhibitors of trypsin and in two cases also of chymotrypsin. 2. Fast tight-binding and slow-binding inhibition were observed. 3. Immunological identity of the toxins were assessed with Ouchterlony immunodiffusion and ELISA. 4.… (More)
A quantitative study of the changes in the protein pattern of the salivary glands of female Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi during the entire repletion process was undertaken. These results, in conjunction with the previously determined toxic phase, indicated the presence of a toxic protein. The development of a sensitive in vitro assay using a Xenopus… (More)
The isolation of Cowdria ruminantium by differential and isopycnic density gradient centrifugation is reviewed with special reference to the suitability of Percoll as density gradient medium. Infected sheep brain, Amblyomma hebraeum nymphae and various mouse organs were used as starting material. By these methods, partially purified viable populations of… (More)
The isolation, characterization and kinetic properties of a toxic and non-toxic anti-protease from the eggs of A. hebraeum are compared with similar data obtained for eggs of other tick species. The biochemistry of various physiological processes in tick eggs is reviewed.