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Five novel peptides were identified in the brains of mice lacking active carboxypeptidase E, a neuropeptide-processing enzyme. These peptides are produced from a single precursor, termed proSAAS, which is present in human, mouse, and rat. ProSAAS mRNA is expressed primarily in brain and other neuroendocrine tissues (pituitary, adrenal, pancreas); within(More)
There is evidence in man and rats that higher circulating levels of glucocorticoids are required to normalize basal unstimulated ACTH levels at the peak of the circadian rhythm than at the trough. To explore this phenomenon, we tested the inhibitory effect of constant levels of corticosterone on plasma ACTH in the morning (AM) and evening (PM) in young male(More)
To identify the sequences of changes in putative signals, reception of these and responses to starvation, we sampled fed and starved rats at 2- to 6-h intervals after removal of food 2 h before dark. Metabolites, hormones, hypothalamic neuropeptide expression, fat depots, and leptin expression were measured. At 2 h, insulin decreased, and FFA and(More)
The mechanisms involved in the physiology of the secretion of ACTH are reviewed. The secretion is regulated by the biological consequences of the occupancy of high affinity mineralocorticoid (MR) and lower affinity glucocorticoid receptors (GR) for corticosterone at specific sites of the rat brain. The regulation by this mechanism of basal secretion during(More)
To assess acute effects of alcohol on forebrain and pituitary opiomelanocortinergic regulation, a model was developed in which "experienced" (previously introduced to ethanol administration, so the subjective response was not a novel stimulus) male Sprague-Dawley rats received pulsatile intragastric ethanol infusions during the dark (active) photophase to(More)
Camptothecin is an antitumor agent that kills cells by converting DNA topoisomerase I into a DNA-damaging poison. Although camptothecin derivatives are now being used to treat tumors in a variety of clinical protocols, the cellular factors that influence sensitivity to the drug are only beginning to be understood. We report here that two genes required for(More)
The effects of recombinantly produced ob protein were compared to those of food restriction in normal lean and genetically obese mice. Ob protein infusion into ob/ob mice resulted in large decreases in body and fat-depot weight and food intake that persisted throughout the study. Smaller decreases in body and fat-depot weights were observed in(More)
In the intact rat, adrenalectomy (ADX) is known to result in increased ACTH synthesis, content, and secretion from the anterior pituitary compared with those in the sham-adrenalectomized control. Treatment of adrenalectomized, rats with corticosterone prevents or reverses these changes in ACTH. Because corticosterone is known to act both at the corticotrope(More)