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A bioluminescent method is presented that allows monitoring of ATP production from mitochondria corresponding to one islet of Langerhans per sample. In mitochondria from ob/ob mice Ca2+ stimulates the ATP production in the presence of L-glycerol 3-phosphate (GP) by reducing the Km for GP by one order of magnitude to about 3 mM. Maximal ATP production in the(More)
In the present study, Nigella sativa oil (NSO), nigellone (polythymoquinone) and derived thymoquinone were studied to evaluate their effect on the formation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) products from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL).NSO produced a concentration dependent inhibition of 5-LO products and 5-hydroxy-eicosa-tetra-enoic acid (5-HETE) production(More)
A plant mixture containing extracts of Nigella sativa possesses blood glucose lowering effects, but the direct antidiabetic effect of Nigella sativa is not yet established. Therefore, the effect of Nigella sativa oil (NSO) on blood glucose concentrations was studied in streptozotocin diabetic rats. In addition, the effect of NSO, nigellone and thymoquinone(More)
ATP and luciferin are not only substrates of firefly luciferase, but can, in addition, modulate its activity. High concentrations of luciferin induce a conformational change of the enzyme that temporarily reduces the catalytic rate. Re-activation takes approx. 20 min and is independent of variation in the concentration of enzyme or ATP, but lengthens with(More)
The transplantation of encapsulated islets of Langerhans is one approach to treat type 1 diabetes without the need of lifelong immunosuppression. Capillaries have been used for macroencapsulation because they have a favorable surface-to-volume ratio and because they can be refilled. It is unclear at present whether the outer surface of such capillaries(More)
The determination of islet mass is important for the normalization of islet experiments in the laboratory and for the precise dosing of islets for transplantation. The common microscopical analysis is based on individual islet sizing, calculation of the frequency distribution, and conversion into islet equivalents (IEQ), which is the volume of a spherical(More)
Transplantation of encapsulated islets may restore endogenous insulin secretion in type 1 diabetics with no need of lifetime immunosuppression of the recipient. A biomaterial should be developed which combined immunoisolation with rapid and efficient diffusion of glucose and insulin. Rat islets were macroencapsulated in capillaries (molecular cut off 50 kD)(More)
Treatment of patients after organ transplantation with the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A (CsA) is often accompanied by impaired glucose tolerance, thus promoting the development of diabetes mellitus. In the present article we show that 2 to 5 microM CsA diminishes glucose-induced insulin secretion of isolated mouse pancreatic islets in vitro by(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-based approaches towards restoration of prolapsed or degenerated intervertebral discs are hampered by a lack of measures for safe administration and placement of cell suspensions within a treated disc. In order to overcome these risks, a serum albumin-based hydrogel has been developed that polymerizes after injection and anchors the(More)