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A bioluminescent method is presented that allows monitoring of ATP production from mitochondria corresponding to one islet of Langerhans per sample. In mitochondria from ob/ob mice Ca2+ stimulates the ATP production in the presence of L-glycerol 3-phosphate (GP) by reducing the Km for GP by one order of magnitude to about 3 mM. Maximal ATP production in the(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-based approaches towards restoration of prolapsed or degenerated intervertebral discs are hampered by a lack of measures for safe administration and placement of cell suspensions within a treated disc. In order to overcome these risks, a serum albumin-based hydrogel has been developed that polymerizes after injection and anchors the(More)
L-Luciferin is a competitive inhibitor of firefly luciferase with a K1 between 3 and 4 microM. Furthermore L-luciferin can serve as an alternative substrate for light production. Catalysis of L-luciferin can be observed in the absence of, or at low concentrations of, D-luciferin. The light production from L-luciferin increases slowly (maximal half-time 8(More)
A plant mixture containing extracts of Nigella sativa possesses blood glucose lowering effects, but the direct antidiabetic effect of Nigella sativa is not yet established. Therefore, the effect of Nigella sativa oil (NSO) on blood glucose concentrations was studied in streptozotocin diabetic rats. In addition, the effect of NSO, nigellone and thymoquinone(More)
In the present study, Nigella sativa oil (NSO), nigellone (polythymoquinone) and derived thymoquinone were studied to evaluate their effect on the formation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) products from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL).NSO produced a concentration dependent inhibition of 5-LO products and 5-hydroxy-eicosa-tetra-enoic acid (5-HETE) production(More)
BACKGROUND The peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor or translocator protein (TSPO) is an 18-kDa protein involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis. TSPO was shown to be overexpressed in malignant tumors and cancer cell lines, correlating with enhanced malignant behavior. The present study analyzed the role of TSPO in patients with colorectal(More)
Oxidative stress to B-cells is thought to be of relevance in declining B-cell function and in the process of B-cell destruction. In other tissues including heart, brain and liver, oxidative stress has been shown to elevate the intracellular free calcium concentration and to provoke potassium efflux. We studied the effect of oxidative stress on Ca2+ and K+(More)
ATP and luciferin are not only substrates of firefly luciferase, but can, in addition, modulate its activity. High concentrations of luciferin induce a conformational change of the enzyme that temporarily reduces the catalytic rate. Re-activation takes approx. 20 min and is independent of variation in the concentration of enzyme or ATP, but lengthens with(More)
The determination of islet mass is important for the normalization of islet experiments in the laboratory and for the precise dosing of islets for transplantation. The common microscopical analysis is based on individual islet sizing, calculation of the frequency distribution, and conversion into islet equivalents (IEQ), which is the volume of a spherical(More)
The role of mitochondria in stimulus-secretion coupling of pancreatic beta-cells was examined using methyl pyruvate (MP). MP stimulated insulin secretion in the absence of glucose, with maximal effect at 5 mM. K+ (30 mM) alone, or in combination with diazoxide (100 microM), failed to enhance MP-induced secretion. Diazoxide (100 microM) inhibited MP-induced(More)