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The currently available yeast mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence is incomplete, contains many errors and is derived from several polymorphic strains. Here, we report that the mtDNA sequence of the strain used for nuclear genome sequencing assembles into a circular map of 85,779 bp which includes 10 kb of new sequence. We give a list of seven small(More)
The human nuclear gene (POLG) for the catalytic subunit of mitochondrial DNA polymerase (DNA polymerase gamma) contains a trinucleotide CAG microsatellite repeat within the coding sequence. We have investigated the frequency of different repeat-length alleles in populations of diseased and healthy individuals. The predominant allele of 10 CAG repeats was(More)
The human gene POLG encodes the catalytic subunit of mitochondrial DNA polymerase, but its precise roles in mtDNA metabolism in vivo have not hitherto been documented. By expressing POLG fusion proteins in cultured human cells, we show that the enzyme is targeted to mitochondria, where the Myc epitope-tagged POLG is catalytically active as a DNA polymerase.(More)
We report the sequence of a 4.5-kb cDNA clone isolated from a human melanoma library which bears high amino acid sequence identity to the yeast mitochondrial (mt) DNA polymerase (Mip1p). This cDNA contains a 3720-bp open reading frame encoding a predicted 140-kDa polypeptide that is 43% identical to Mip1p. The N-terminal part of the sequence contains a 13(More)
In this review, we sum up the research carried out over two decades on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication, primarily by comparing this system in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Homo sapiens. Brief incursions into systems of other organisms have also been achieved when they provide new information.S. cerevisiae and H. sapiens mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have(More)
The yeast two-hybrid system is a genetic method that detects protein-protein interactions. One application is the detection by library screening of new interactors of a protein of known function. In the August issue of Nature Genetics, Fromont-Racine et al. showed for the first time that the construction of the protein interaction map of a complex pathway,(More)
A multicopy suppressor gene which rescues the temperature-sensitive growth defect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase-encoding MIP1 gene has been isolated and identified as the RNR1 gene. This gene, whose transcript is cell cycle-regulated and mainly expressed at the G1 to S phase transition, encodes the large(More)
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