Nicolas K. Blanchard

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Inflammation adversely affects the health of millions of people worldwide, and there is an unmet medical need for better anti-inflammatory drugs. We evaluated the therapeutic interest of mycolactone, a polyketide-derived macrolide produced by Mycobacterium ulcerans. Bacterial production of mycolactone in human skin causes a combination of ulcerative,(More)
Stereoselective reductions of ketones to secondary alcohols are of the utmost importance in organic synthesis. Very high selectivities are observed with traditional reducing agents, mainly based on boron or transition metals, complexed with chiral ligands. Bioreductions mediated by intact cells from cut plants, vegetables and fruits are attractive(More)
Mycolactones are complex macrolides responsible for a severe necrotizing skin disease called Buruli ulcer. Deciphering their functional interactions is of fundamental importance for the understanding, and ultimately, the control of this devastating mycobacterial infection. We report herein a diverted total synthesis approach of mycolactones analogues and(More)
Using muon spin rotation, well-defined bulk approximately 100% magnetic phases in NaxCoO2 are revealed. A novel magnetic phase is detected for x=0.85 with the highest transition temperature ever observed for x>or=0.75. This stresses the diversity of x>or=0.75 magnetic phases and the link between magnetic and structural degrees of freedom. For the(More)
The use of a photocatalyst (tris(2-phenylpyridine)iridium [Ir(ppy)(3)]) being able to generate both radicals and cations to initiate free radical polymerization and ring opening polymerization is presented. Remarkably, under soft irradiations (fluorescence bulb, sunlight), excellent cationic polymerization profiles and final conversions are obtained. The(More)
Mycobacterium ulcerans infections (Buruli ulcer disease) have a long history that can be traced back 150 years. The successive discoveries of the mycobacteria in 1948 and of mycolactone A/B in 1999, the toxin responsible for this dramatic necrotic skin disease, resulted in a paradigm shift concerning the disease itself and in a broader sense, delineated an(More)
Iridium(III) complexes were designed and evaluated as efficient photoinitiators of polymerization reactions in combination with iodonium salts and silanes. Mechanistically, these reactions were shown to proceed through oxidative photoredox catalysis, generating aryl and silyl radicals under very soft irradiation conditions (blue LED, xenon lamp, and even(More)
The enantioselective total synthesis of the cytotoxic plecomacrolide natural product formamicin (1) is described. Key aspects of this synthesis include the efficient transacetalation reactions of MOM ethers 28 and 38 to form the seven-membered formyl acetals 29 and 39, a late-stage Suzuki cross-coupling reaction of the highly functionalized vinyl boronic(More)