Nicolas J. Mouawad

Learn More
Acute gallbladder volvulus continues to remain a relatively uncommon process, manifesting itself usually during exploration for an acute surgical abdomen with a presumptive diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. The pathophysiology is that of mechanical organo-axial torsion along the gallbladder's longitudinal axis involving the cystic duct and cystic artery,(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), operative times (OTs), and length of hospital stay (LOS) after open and laparoscopic ventral/incisional hernia repair (VIHR) using multicenter, prospectively collected data. The incidence of postoperative SSIs, OTs, and LOS was determined for cases of(More)
BACKGROUND Anastomotic leakage is a morbid and potentially fatal complication of colorectal surgery. Determination of pre- and intraoperative risk factors may identify patients requiring increased postoperative surveillance for this major complication. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with anastomotic leakage(More)
BACKGROUND Complications associated with blood transfusions have resulted in widespread acceptance of low hematocrit levels in surgical patients. However, preoperative anemia seems to be a risk factor for adverse postoperative outcomes in certain surgical patients. This study investigated the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database to(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors for postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), and increased length of hospital stay (LOS) after ventral/incisional hernia repair (VIHR) using multi-center, prospectively collected data. Cases of VIHR from 2009 to 2010 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical(More)
BACKGROUND The classic Whipple operation carries substantial risk of complications. A pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy might confer the benefit of decreased perioperative morbidity, but existing data comparing both techniques are inconclusive. METHODS Using a propensity score model to adjust for potentially confounding differences in patient(More)
PURPOSE Many clinical trials comparing the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR) versus endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have been conducted, with varying results. Surprisingly, few outcomes studies have closely examined perceived physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) factors through a validated(More)
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, with an overall incidence of approximately 2.2%. It is generally noted incidentally during laparotomy for management of other abdominal pathology. Complications are infrequent, developing in 4% of individuals with this abnormality, and are usually seen in childhood.(More)