Nicolas J. Kerscher

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To extract important information from the environment on a useful timescale, the visual system must be able to adapt rapidly to constantly changing scenes. This requires dynamic control of visual resolution, possibly at the level of the responses of single neurons. Individual cells in the visual cortex respond to light stimuli on particular locations(More)
We investigated how changes in the temporal firing rate of thalamocortical activity affect the spatiotemporal structure of receptive field (RF) subunits in cat primary visual cortex. Spike activity of 67 neurons (48 simple, 19 complex cells) was extracellulary recorded from area 17/18 of anesthetized and paralyzed cats. A total of 107 subfields (on/off)(More)
The modulatory effects of dopamine (DA) on the visual responses of relay cells of the dorsal aspect of cat lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) were tested using local micro-iontophoretic application of DA and application of the receptor-specific agonists SKF38393 (SKF, D1/D5) and quinpirole (QUIN, D2/D3/D4) in the anaesthetized alcuronium-treated cat. The(More)
We analysed the early visual responses of relay cells of the dorsal part of cat lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) for the occurrence and characteristics of high-frequency (>300 Hz) spike patterns comparable to the high-frequency oscillations (HFO) found in the human somatosensory system. By using a special algorithm for correcting response latency, we can(More)
Adding noise to a weak signal can paradoxically improve signal detection, a process called 'stochastic resonance' (SR). In the visual system, noise might be introduced by the image jitter resulting from high-frequency eye movements, like eye microtremor and microsaccades. To test whether this kind of noise might be beneficial or detrimental for cortical(More)
To extract important information from the environment on a useful timescale, the visual system must be able to adapt rapidly to constantly changing scenes. This requires dynamic control of visual resolution, possibly at the level of the responses of single neurons. Individual cells in the visual cortex respond to light stimuli on particular locations(More)
The modulatory effects of dopamine (DA) on the contrast gain of retino-geniculate transmission were tested with local micro-iontophoretical application of DA and the DA receptor agonists SKF38393 (SKF, D1/D5) and quinpirole (QUIN, D2/D3/D4) while recording visually induced spike activity of relay cells of the dorsal aspect of cat lateral geniculate nucleus(More)
During a visual task the human eye is perpetually under movement. Many reasons are proposed to explain the role of such movements: tracking of a moving object, pattern recognition.. . However, even during a fixational task, an unvoluntary saccadic movement of high frequency and small amplitude remains. Such microsaccades can be viewed as random and(More)
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