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Lipocortin 1, a putative mediator of the anti-inflammatory actions of glucocorticoids, is present intracellularly in a variety of tissues including human peripheral blood leukocytes. We investigated the presence of lipocortin 1 in human leukocyte subsets using permeabilization flow cytometry. Constitutive lipocortin 1 was detected in U937 myelomonocytic(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) migration into sites of inflammation is fundamental to the host defense response. Activation of endothelial cells and PMNs increases the expression or activation of adhesion molecules, culminating in rolling and subsequent adherence of these cells to the vascular wall. Further activation of adherent PMNs, possibly by(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy and water immersion on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and serum and urine levels of cortisol were compared in untreated RA patients, NSAID-treated RA(More)
Thirty-two patients with the Felty syndrome, defined by the presence of rheumatoid arthritis, splenomegaly, and neutropenia, have been studied in comparison with 32 patients with rheumatoid arthritis matched for age, sex, and disease duration, and 9 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and idiopathic neutropenia. Patients with the Felty syndrome had severe(More)
The specific and non-specific tear proteins have been analysed by means of the ELISA technique to establish the normal and age-related values. There is a linear and related decline of lysozyme and lactoferrin with age, and a similar but unrelated reduction in tear volume. IgA levels gradually decline, while caeruloplasmin and IgG both increase after the(More)
The concentrations of tear lysozyme, lactoferrin, ceruloplasmin, IgA, and IgG have been estimated in patients with dry eyes at the same time as semiquantitative bacterial culture was performed of the conjunctivae and lids. Staphylococcal isolations were quantified and biotyped. There was no increased conjunctival colonisation by any particular biotype of(More)
The relevance of antibodies for La(SSB) as a marker of a distinctive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) subset was studied in 185 lupus patients. Anti La was detected in 39 (21%) and was accompanied invariably by anti Ro. Clinically, anti La-positive patients were distinguished by a later age of disease onset, and a low frequency of lupus nephritis. In(More)
Lipocortin 1, a member of the annexin superfamily of calcium and phospholipid binding proteins, mediates some of the anti-inflammatory actions of the glucocorticoid hormones. Lipocortin 1 binds to the surface of murine peripheral blood monocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (Kd estimate 2 x 10(-8) M) but not lymphocytes. Resident peritoneal macrophages(More)
The presence and amount of the anti-inflammatory protein lipocortin 1 was determined in plasma and peripheral blood leucocytes by a highly specific, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Within 120 min of a single intravenous dose of 100 mg hydrocortisone, the intracellular concentrations of lipocortin 1 in peripheral monocytes in 7 of 8 healthy men increased(More)