Nicolas Jäckel

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Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a promising salt removal technology with high energy efficiency when applied to low molar concentration aqueous electrolytes. As an interfacial process, ion electrosorption during CDI operation is sensitive to the pore structure and the total pore volume of carbon electrodes limits the maximum salt adsorption capacity (SAC).(More)
A primary atomic-scale effect accompanying Li-ion insertion into rechargeable battery electrodes is a significant intercalation-induced change of the unit cell volume of the crystalline material. This generates a variety of secondary multiscale dimensional changes and causes a deterioration in the energy storage performance stability. Although traditional(More)
Carbon beads with sub-micrometer diameter were produced with a self-emulsifying novolac-ethanol-water system. A physical activation with CO2 was carried out to create a high microporosity with a specific surface area varying from 771 (DFT) to 2237 m(2)/g (DFT) and a total pore volume from 0.28 to 1.71 cm(3)/g. The carbon particles conserve their spherical(More)
We report the volumetric changes of MXenes in contact with different ionic liquids and the swelling/contraction during electrochemical voltage cycling by complementing electrochemical dilatometry with in situ X-ray diffraction measurements. A drastic, initial, and irreversible volume expansion of MXenes occurs during first contact to ionic liquids(More)
Intercalation-induced dimensional changes in a composite battery electrode (comprising a polymeric binder) are one of the major factors limiting electrode cycling performance. Since electrode performance is expressed by the quantities averaged over its entire surface area (e.g., capacity retention, Faradaic efficiency, rate capability), significant efforts(More)
Reversible Li-ion intercalation into composite Li-ion battery (LIB) electrodes is often accompanied by significant dimensional electrode changes (deformation) resulting in significant deterioration of the cycling performance. Viscoelastic properties of polymeric binders affected by intercalation-induced deformation of composite LIB electrodes have never(More)
A solvent-free synthesis of hierarchical porous carbons is conducted by a facile and fast mechanochemical reaction in a ball mill. By means of a mechanochemical ball-milling approach, we obtained titanium(IV) citrate-based polymers, which have been processed via high temperature chlorine treatment to hierarchical porous carbons with a high specific surface(More)
Dimensional changes in carbon-based supercapacitor electrodes were investigated using a combination of electrochemical dilatometry and in situ small-angle X-ray scattering. A novel hierarchical carbon material with ordered mesoporosity was synthesized, providing the unique possibility to track electrode expansion and shrinkage on the nanometer scale and the(More)
A new carbon model derived from in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) enables a quantitative description of the voltage-dependent arrangement and transport of ions within the nanopores of carbon-based electric double-layer capacitors. In the first step, ex situ SAXS data for nanoporous carbon-based electrodes are used to generate a three-dimensional(More)
Electrospinning has emerged as a facile technology for the synthesis of ultrafine fibers and even nanofibers of various materials. While carbon nanofibers have been extensively investigated, there have also been studies reported on metal oxide and metal carbide fibers. Yet, comparative studies, especially following the same general synthesis approach, are(More)