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OBJECTIVE A defect of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) interrupts the degradation of glycosaminoglycans in mucopolysaccharidosis type I, causing severe neurological manifestations in children with Hurler's syndrome. Delivery of the missing enzyme through stereotactic injection of adeno-associated virus vectors coding for IDUA prevents(More)
Stable gene transfer into hepatocytes might be used to compensate for a genetic deficiency affecting liver function or to deliver diffusible factors into the blood stream. In rats, we have combined retroviral-mediated gene transfer with a surgical procedure in which the liver is temporarily excluded from the circulation and infected in vivo. Partial(More)
The fate of normal hepatocytes in adult rat liver was studied after genetic labeling using the Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase gene coupled to a nuclear localization signal. The marker gene was introduced by direct in vivo retroviral-mediated gene transfer into hepatocytes 24 hours after partial hepatectomy. Analysis of beta-galactosidase expression in(More)
Tianeptine is a new antidepressant drug reported to enhance serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) uptake in rat brain. The effect of tianeptine on 5-HT platelet uptake was studied in 10 depressed patients treated for 28 days. Tianeptine increases Vmax of 5-HT platelet uptake during treatment without inducing any change in Km. As early as 2 hr after the(More)
Direct gene transfer into hepatocytes represents an attractive alternative to organ transplantation for the treatment of genetic liver diseases. This approach is hampered either by the difficulty to obtain, cultivate, and reimplant hepatocytes or by the poor stability of the expression of the transgene. In the present report, we show that direct in vivo(More)
The question whether hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arises from dedifferentiation of mature hepatocytes or from proliferation of liver stem cells is still debated. In the present study, we used retroviral-mediated genetic labeling to investigate the fate of mature hepatocytes in rats after administration of diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Mature hepatocytes were(More)
Feeding adult rats with a diet containing 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) results in suppression of hepatocyte proliferation and stimulation of oval cell proliferation. Although oval cells may be facultative liver stem cells, the actual relationship between oval cells and liver cancer has not been clearly established in vivo. Our goal was to label hepatic(More)
Tubulo-papillary tumors constitute a particular group of renal tumor. A study of 20 cases treated personally and review of 130 cases reported in the literature showed: hypo or heterogenic ultrasound images, hypovascularization on angiography, particular density on CT scan image. Histologically they can be distinguished from clear cell epithelioma not only(More)
We have investigated the mechanism responsible for mitochondria permeabilization occurring during cell apoptosis. We have developed an in vivo model of apoptotic rat liver. Mitochondria appeared as an homogenous population in control liver. On the contrary, mitochondria varied in size, morphology, and the matrical density in apoptotic liver. Mitochondria(More)