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Genetic diversity is the amount of variation observed between DNA sequences from distinct individuals of a given species. This pivotal concept of population genetics has implications for species health, domestication, management and conservation. Levels of genetic diversity seem to vary greatly in natural populations and species, but the determinants of(More)
In animals, the population genomic literature is dominated by two taxa, namely mammals and drosophilids, in which fully sequenced, well-annotated genomes have been available for years. Data from other metazoan phyla are scarce, probably because the vast majority of living species still lack a closely related reference genome. Here we achieve de novo,(More)
The evolution of reproductive division of labour and social life in social insects has lead to the emergence of several life-history traits and adaptations typical of larger organisms: social insect colonies can reach masses of several kilograms, they start reproducing only when they are several years old, and can live for decades. These features and the(More)
Termite gut flagellates are colonized by host-specific lineages of ectosymbiotic and endosymbiotic bacteria. Previous studies have shown that flagellates of the genus Trichonympha may harbour more than one type of symbiont. Using a comprehensive approach that combined cloning of SSU rRNA genes with fluorescence in situ hybridization and electron microscopy,(More)
The effect of salinity was studied in natural populations of the black-chinned tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) from West Africa. This euryhaline species colonizes nearly all coastal environments from bays to lagoons characterized by salinities ranging from fresh water to hypersaline water over 100 ‰. Individuals were sampled during the dry season at(More)
Endomicrobia represent a candidate class in the Elusimicrobia phylum (formerly Termite Group 1) and were originally described as obligate intracellular symbionts of gut flagellates in lower termites. However, 16S rRNA gene sequences of Endomicrobia have been detected also in the gut of insects that do not possess such flagellates, e.g. higher termites and(More)
Many genetic changes that ultimately lead to adaptive evolution come with a short-term cost expressed in terms of reduced survival and reproduction. In the absence of genetic drift, it is unclear how such costly mutations may persist. Here we experimentally demonstrate that parasites can promote the persistence of costly genetic variants. We employed a(More)
Landscape pyrodiversity encapsulates the range of spatiotemporal variability in disturbance by fire. There is a widely-held view that diversity in fire regimes promotes biological diversity (i.e., the Pyrodiversity–Biodiversity paradigm). However, this relationship needs to be examined more carefully as pyrodiversity at the landscape scale remains poorly(More)
Whether species can respond evolutionarily to current climate change is crucial for the persistence of many species. Yet, very few studies have examined genetic responses to climate change in manipulated experiments carried out in natural field conditions. We examined the evolutionary response to climate change in a common annelid worm using a controlled(More)
Alexandrium catenella (group IV) and Alexandrium tamarense (group III) (Dinophyceae) are two cryptic invasive phytoplankton species belonging to the A. tamarense species complex. Their worldwide spread is favored by the human activities, transportation and climate change. In order to describe their diversity in the Mediterranean Sea and understand their(More)