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In animals, the population genomic literature is dominated by two taxa, namely mammals and drosophilids, in which fully sequenced, well-annotated genomes have been available for years. Data from other metazoan phyla are scarce, probably because the vast majority of living species still lack a closely related reference genome. Here we achieve de novo,(More)
The effect of salinity was studied in natural populations of the black-chinned tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) from West Africa. This euryhaline species colonizes nearly all coastal environments from bays to lagoons characterized by salinities ranging from fresh water to hypersaline water over 100 ‰. Individuals were sampled during the dry season at(More)
Whether species can respond evolutionarily to current climate change is crucial for the persistence of many species. Yet, very few studies have examined genetic responses to climate change in manipulated experiments carried out in natural field conditions. We examined the evolutionary response to climate change in a common annelid worm using a controlled(More)
The fixation probability of a recessive beneficial mutation is increased on the X or Z chromosome, relative to autosomes, because recessive alleles carried by X or Z are exposed to selection in the heterogametic sex. This leads to an increased dN/dS ratio on sex chromosomes relative to autosomes, a pattern called the "fast-X" or "fast-Z" effect. Besides(More)
BACKGROUND Contamination is a well-known but often neglected problem in molecular biology. Here, we investigated the prevalence of cross-contamination among 446 samples from 116 distinct species of animals, which were processed in the same laboratory and subjected to subcontracted transcriptome sequencing. RESULTS Using cytochrome oxidase 1 as a barcode,(More)
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