Nicolas Dejeans

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Growing evidence supports a role for the unfolded protein response (UPR) in carcinogenesis; however, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain elusive. Herein, we identified the circadian clock PER1 mRNA as a novel substrate of the endoribonuclease activity of the UPR sensor IRE1α. Analysis of the mechanism shows that IRE1α(More)
Hsp90 is an essential chaperone that is necessary for the folding, stability and activity of numerous proteins. In this study, we demonstrate that free radicals formed during oxidative stress conditions can cleave Hsp90. This cleavage occurs through a Fenton reaction which requires the presence of redox-active iron. As a result of the cleavage, we observed(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are generally described as negative regulators of gene expression. However, some evidence suggests that they may also play positive roles. As such, we reported that miR-1291 leads to a GPC3 mRNA expression increase in hepatoma cells through a 3' untranslated region (UTR)-dependent mechanism. In the absence of any direct interaction between(More)
Because reactive oxygen species (ROS) are naturally produced as a consequence of aerobic metabolism, cells have developed a sophisticated set of antioxidant molecules to prevent the toxic accumulation of these species. However, compared with normal cells, malignant cells often exhibit increased levels of intracellular ROS and altered levels of antioxidant(More)
Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are characterised by a decreased n-3/n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio in hepatic phospholipids. The metabolic consequences of n-3 PUFA depletion in the liver are poorly understood. We have reproduced a drastic drop in n-3 PUFA among hepatic phospholipids by feeding C57Bl/6J mice for 3 months with an(More)
Numerous studies suggest that generation of oxidative stress could be useful in cancer treatment. In this study, we evaluated, in vitro and in vivo, the antitumor potential of oxidative stress induced by ascorbate/menadione (asc/men). This combination of a reducing agent (ascorbate) and a redox active quinone (menadione) generates redox cycling leading to(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an organelle specialized for the folding and assembly of secretory and transmembrane proteins. ER homeostasis is often perturbed in tumor cells because of dramatic changes in the microenvironment of solid tumors, thereby leading to the activation of an adaptive mechanism named the unfolded protein response (UPR). The(More)
Oxidative stress generated by ascorbate-driven menadione redox cycling kills MCF7 cells by a concerted mechanism including glycolysis inhibition, loss of calcium homeostasis, DNA damage and changes in mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) activities. Cell death is mediated by necrosis rather than apoptosis or macroautophagy. Neither 3-methyladenine nor(More)
Targeting the altered redox status of cancer cells is emerging as an interesting approach to potentiate chemotherapy. However, to maximize the effectiveness of this strategy and define the correct chemotherapeutic associations, it is important to understand the biological consequences of chronically exposing cancer cells to reactive oxygen species (ROS).(More)
Cancer cells show an up-regulation of glycolysis, they readily take up vitamin C, and they appear more susceptible to an oxidative stress than the surrounding normal cells. Here we compare, analyse and discuss these particular hallmarks by performing experiments in murine hepatomas (TLT cells) and freshly isolated mouse hepatocytes. The results show that(More)