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Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying fatty liver disease (FLD) in humans is of major importance. We used high-density oligonucleotide microarrays (22.3 K) to assess the mechanisms responsible for the development of human liver steatosis. We compared global gene expression in normal (n=9) and steatotic (n=9) livers without histological signs of(More)
The aim of the experiments was to assess the toxicity of minoxidil, a potent vasodilator, in marmosets. The animals were treated either at escalating doses from 2 to 40 mg/kg, escalating doses from 40 to 200 mg/kg or single doses of 150 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg. ECG recording and echocardiographic examination were conducted before and 1h after treatment. Necropsy(More)
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 inhibitors are a class of drugs that can provide novel therapies for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Their development is frequently hampered by the induction of vascular toxicity in rat mesenteric tissue during preclinical studies. Whereas these vascular lesions in rats have been well characterized(More)
Vascular injury is a relatively common finding during the pre-clinical toxicity testing of drugs. The mechanisms of the injury are poorly understood and in turn, sensitive and specific biomarkers for pre-clinical and clinical monitoring do not exist. The present study was undertaken to investigate the molecular mechanisms of drug-induced vascular injury in(More)
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors are potential therapeutic agents but vascular injury and perivascular inflammation occurs frequently during preclinical toxicology testing of these drugs. The lesions induced by PDE4 inhibitors have been described mainly in rats but there is limited data available for monkeys and no data for dogs. Here we present the(More)
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