Nicolas Chouin

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GATE is a recent Monte Carlo code, based on GEANT4, and used in nuclear medicine mainly for imaging and detector design. Our goal was to implement dosimetry within GATE (i.e., combining the excellent potential of Gate for image modeling with GEANT4 dosimetric capabilities. The latest release of GEANT4 (4.8.1) completely revised the electron multiple(More)
Conventional external-beam radiation therapy is dedicated to the treatment of localized disease, whereas radioimmunotherapy represents an innovative tool for the treatment of local or diffuse tumors. Radioimmunotherapy involves the administration of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies that are directed specifically against tumor-associated antigens or(More)
To improve radioimmunotherapy with Auger electron emitters, we assessed whether the biological efficiency of (125)I varied according to its localization. A-431 and SK-OV-3 carcinoma cells were incubated with increasing activities (0-4 MBq/ml) of (125)I-labeled vectors targeting the cell membrane, the cytoplasm or the nucleus. We then measured cell survival(More)
INTRODUCTION (125)I-labeled monoclonal antibodies ((125)I-mAbs) can efficiently treat small solid tumors. Here, we investigated the role of apoptosis, autophagy and mitotic catastrophe in (125)I-mAb toxicity in p53(-/-) and p53(+/+) cancer cells. METHODS We exposed p53(-/-) and p53(+/+) HCT116 cells to increasing activities of internalizing (cytoplasmic(More)
A microdosimetric model was used to analyze the results of experimental studies on cells of two lymphoid cell lines (T2 and Ada) irradiated with (213)Bi-radiolabeled antibodies. These antibodies targeted MHC/peptide complexes. The density of target antigen could be modulated by varying the concentration of the peptide loaded onto the cells. This offered the(More)
Point kernels describe the energy deposited at a certain distance from an isotropic point source and are useful for nuclear medicine dosimetry. They can be used for absorbed-dose calculations for sources of various shapes and are also a useful tool when comparing different Monte Carlo (MC) codes. The aim of this study was to compare point kernels calculated(More)
This paper reviews some aspects and recent developments in the use of antibodies to target radionuclides for tumor imaging and therapy. While radiolabeled antibodies have been considered for many years in this context, only a few have reached the level of routine clinical use. However, alternative radionuclides, with more appropriate physical properties,(More)
With the increasing availability of alpha emitters, targeted α-particle therapy has emerged as a solution of choice to treat haematological cancers and micrometastatic and minimal residual diseases. Alpha-particles are highly cytotoxic because of their high linear energy transfer (LET) and have a short range of a few cell diameters in tissue, assuring good(More)
The treatment of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains challenging. In spite of our best efforts, about 15% of patients with high-risk DTC have a significantly reduced life expectancy as many do not respond sufficiently to I therapy to prevent recurrence and progression of DTC, or even death [1]. Furthermore, it has been firmly established(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We assessed the contribution of antibody internalization in the efficacy and toxicity of intraperitoneal α-radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of small volume carcinomatosis using (212)Pb-labeled monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that target HER2 (internalizing) or CEA (non-internalizing) receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Athymic nude mice bearing(More)