Nicolas Chomérat

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Dinoflagellates of the genus Ostreopsis are known to cause (often fatal) food poisoning in tropical coastal areas following the accumulation of palytoxin (PLTX) and/or its analogues (PLTX group) in crabs, sea urchins or fish. Ostreopsis spp. occurrence is presently increasing in the northern to north western Mediterranean Sea (Italy, Spain, Greece and(More)
Ostreopsis cf. ovata produces palytoxin analogues including ovatoxins (OVTXs) and a putative palytoxin (p-PLTX), which can accumulate in marine organisms and may possibly lead to food intoxication. However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of the(More)
A new species of the genus Fragilidium, F. duplocampanaeforme sp. nov., is described from examinations by LM and SEM. This species has been recorded in summer on the French Atlantic coast, over a number of years. It was never abundant in the plankton and was very often associated with Fragilidium subglobosum, Pyrophacus horologium and also with toxigenic(More)
Cabra is a genus of marine thecate sand-dwelling dinoflagellates that is poorly known and of which only two species are described, C. matta and C. reticulata. In one fixed sample collected in 2007 in South Brittany, both of these species were recorded, together with a new third one. Cells of the three taxa were isolated and their morphology was(More)
Dinophysoids are a group of thecate dinoflagellates with a very distinctive thecal plate arrangement involving a sagittal suture: the so-called dinophysoid tabulation pattern. Although the number and layout of the thecal plates is highly conserved, the morphological diversity within the group is outstandingly high for dinoflagellates. Previous hypotheses(More)
The systematic position of Amphidoma caudata Halldal within the genus Amphidoma has remained uncertain as a result of its plate formula and the absence of molecular phylogenetic data. Also, this thecate dinoflagellate taxon has been used to designate two distinct morphotypes. The present study aims to clarify the generic affiliation of Amphidoma caudata and(More)
A new benthic dinoflagellate species, Prorocentrum bimaculatum sp. nov., is studied from Kuwait's marine sediments, based on detailed morphological and molecular data. Cells are large, oblong oval in shape. They are 49.9-55.3 μm long and 38.4-43.2 μm wide. The ornamentation of this new species is peculiar, and characterized by smooth valves with large pores(More)
Harmful benthic dinoflagellates, usually developing in tropical areas, are expanding to temperate ecosystems facing water warming. Reports on harmful benthic species are particularly scarce in the Southern Mediterranean Sea. For the first time, three thermophilic benthic dinoflagellates (Ostreopsis cf. ovata, Prorocentrum lima and Coolia monotis) were(More)
Tropical shrimp aquaculture systems in New Caledonia regularly face major crises resulting from outbreaks of Vibrio infections. Ponds are highly dynamic and challenging environments and display a wide range of trophic conditions. In farms affected by vibriosis, phytoplankton biomass and composition are highly variable. These conditions may promote the(More)
The resting cysts of the benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum leve from a natural reservoir in Gujan-Mestras (Gironde, France) were described in this study. The incubated urn-shaped cysts gave rise to cells of P. leve. Morphological observations through light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, particularly of the periflagellar platelets, combined(More)