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OBJECTIVE To determine whether the Mediterranean diet and other dietary variables are predictors of transition from healthy cognitive aging to mild cognitive impairment and cognitive decline. DESIGN Longitudinal. PARTICIPANTS We assessed 1528 individuals, aged 60-64 years, who were participating in a prospective epidemiological study of mental health(More)
While manual tracing is the method of choice in measuring hippocampal volume, its time intensive nature and proneness to human error make automated methods attractive, especially when applied to large samples. Few studies have systematically compared the performance of the two techniques. In this study, we measured hippocampal volumes in a large (N = 403)(More)
OBJECTIVES Few studies report incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and other mild cognitive disorders (MCD) in cohorts in their 60s, at an age when diagnoses are less stable. The authors' goal was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of MCI and MCD, characterize subgroups with stable vs nonstable diagnoses, and evaluate the impact of diagnosis(More)
The relationships between alcohol consumption and dementia and cognitive decline were investigated in a systematic review including meta-analyses of 15 prospective studies. Follow-ups ranged from 2 to 8 years. Meta-analyses were conducted on samples including 14,646 participants evaluated for Alzheimer disease (AD), 10,225 participants evaluated for(More)
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is the major genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) and has also been implicated in cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline and cognitive changes in healthy ageing. The aim of this paper is to systematically review and critically assess the association between the APOE genotype and structural/functional(More)
We developed a novel method for spatially-local selection of atlas-weights in multi-atlas segmentation that combines supervised learning on a training set and dynamic information in the form of local registration accuracy estimates (SuperDyn). Supervised learning was applied using a jackknife learning approach and the methods were evaluated using(More)
Hemispheric activation during cognitive tasks using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be difficult to interpret, uncomfortable, and is not widely available. This study investigated whether tympanic membrane thermometry could be used as a broad measure of hemispheric activation. Infrared probes measured ear temperature continuously while(More)
The measure of hemispheric activation in cognitive and clinical studies remains out of reach of many scientists due to cost, analysis complexity, and practical consideration of the techniques available such as fMRI, EEG, or EMG. The present study was conducted to determine whether infrared functional tympanic membrane thermometry (fTMT) is a measure of(More)
This study examined whether middle-aged adults exposed to poverty in childhood or current financial hardship have detectable brain differences from those who have not experienced such adversity. Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was conducted as one aspect of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) through life study: a large longitudinal(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to review available dementia screening instruments that could be recommended for self-administration, particularly in electronic format. Owing to the gradual loss of insight associated with the progression of dementia, a broad definition of self-administration including self-administration by concerned informants(More)